The structures that make up the posterior respiratory system of boto and tucuxi were evaluated macroscopically at the UFAC's Laboratory of Animal Anatomy (Center for Biological and Nature Sciences) and the following biometric parameters were taken: length, width and thickness of the components of the trachea, tracheal bronchus, main bronchi and lungs.
Specimen Organ Antimer Measure L W H Calf Tucuxi Traquea -- 4.41 2.17 0.86 IDSMSf160695 Tracheal bronchus -- 5.91 1.34 0.24 R 6.09 0.94 0.35 Main bronchus L 8.67 1.17 0.26 Lung R 12.35 2.39 3.10 L 12.72 2.76 5.93 Adult boto Traquea -- 6.93 3.74 2.77 IDSMIg040215 Tracheal bronchus -- 9.75 1.75 1.97 Secondary tracheal R 4.45 0.11 1.74 bronchus L 4.07 0.83 2.05 R 10.2 0.53 1.99 Main bronchus L 12.09 1.40 1.70 R 31.60 10.85 30.3 Lung L 30.55 11.14 41.1 Adult tucuxi R 23.89 13.80 87.0 IDSMSf060911 Lung L 27.79 13.92 77.8
Our patient had a displaced type II right-sided tracheal bronchus, with multiple associated pulmonary, hepatic and renal vascular anomalies.
A higher occurrence of tracheal bronchus has been found in patients with congenital heart diseases, with other vascular abnormalities also described.
conclude that the presence of a clinically significant tracheal bronchus should be considered in every child with recurrent right upper lobe pneumonia, especially in those with Down's syndrome or rib abnormalities.
The bronchoscopy revealed a tracheal bronchus. (figure 1).
Because tracheal bronchus, while uncommon and usually asymptomatic, may be associated with significant morbidity and possibly mortality, clinicians should keep this anomaly in mind when evaluating a patient with recurrent symptoms localized to the right upper lobe region.
Tracheal bronchus and lung cancer association is rarely stated in the literature.
Tracheal bronchus is accepted as a normal anatomical variation in some animals like sheep, pig, camel, goat and giraffe while it is seen as a congenital anomaly in human beings.
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Guo, "Clinical analysis of 7 cases of tracheal bronchus amyloidosis," International Journal of Respiration, vol.
Demonstration of a tracheal bronchus
by computed tomography.