trace mineral

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trace mineral

Any of a group of metal ions present in minimal (milligram or microgram) amounts in biological systems, which are required for their optimal activity. Trace mineral enzyme cofactors play critical roles in the organisation of molecules, membranes and mitochondria, and include chromium, cobalt, copper, fluorine, iodine, iron, manganese, selenium, silicon, vanadium and zinc. These minerals are maintained in a delicate balance between toxic excess and nutritional deficiency that may induce metabolic failure, an event most common in total parenteral nutrition.


any naturally occurring nonorganic homogeneous solid substance. There are 19 or more minerals forming the mineral composition of the animal body; at least 13 are essential to health. These minerals must be supplied in the diet and are generally found in a varied or mixed diet of animal and vegetable products which meet the energy and protein needs. Nutritional deficiencies of individual minerals are listed under each of them.

mineral deficiencies
see under the appropriate mineral, e.g. phosphorus, iodine.
mineral flux
the excessive output of a mineral from the animal body, leading to a state of deficiency; a negative balance.
mineral imbalances
imbalances between minerals that need to be maintained in a proper balance with others as well as being present in appropriate absolute amounts, e.g. calcium:phosphorus, sodium:potassium.
mineral-salt mixtures
mixtures of stock grade salt, with sterilized bonemeal, copper, cobalt, iodine and other trace minerals where required, in granular form or in a hard cake for licking. Set out in barns or at pasture for ad lib access by cattle, sheep, goats. Called also lick.
mineral supplements
minerals added to the diet of animals to prevent or correct a nutritional deficiency.
trace mineral
mineral tolerance
limits of dietary supplementation with minerals which animals can survive for a limited period without a decline in their production or performance, and without creating unsafe residues in the human food chain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Copper concentration in blood of ewes supplemented with trace mineral bolus and their newborns were numerically higher compared with the control group.
Concentrations of trace minerals (Co, Cu, Mn, Zn) from the pre-treated sera samples were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (Hitachi Polarized Zeeman AAS, Z-8200), while ultra-trace minerals (Mo, Se) were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrophotometer (Optima 2100-DV, Perkin Elmer) according to the manufacturer's instructions.
She conducts third-party lab tests every season on all of her products to ensure that her labels can honestly claim more than 80 trace minerals and no contaminants.
Furthermore, feeding a diet supplemented with certain trace minerals and a mixture of microbes (Bacillus and Saccharomyces) improved the growth, meat yield, and quality of beef steers (Kim et al.
The microbial community in the soil acts on those trace minerals so they can be absorbed by the roots of the plants and transformed into added nutritional value.
Then there are mineral protein blocks, a supplemental block that includes a variety of trace minerals, vitamin supplements, protein and a smorgasbord of flavorings that are highly attractive to deer.
The following article provides an overview of the general functions and major food sources of iodine and selenium followed by the effects of inadequate intakes of these trace minerals in pregnancy.
The effect of EDTA chelation therapy plus multivitamin trace mineral supplementation upon vascular dynamics (ankle/brachial systolic blood pressure).
But as fewer concentrates are fed over the summer months, and grass is a notoriously poor source of trace minerals anyway, they are often in short supply during the grazing period," explained Dr Reeve.
Shortages of trace minerals, such as zinc, copper, manganese and selenium, can contribute to high cell counts and other performance problems - particularly over the grazing period as grass is a poor source of these essential nutrients and often very little or no supplementation takes place.
Trace mineral supplementation appears to be a key factor in improving nutritional status, boosting immune response, and preventing infection in older adults.
Several years ago, I provided only trace mineral loose salt for our horses.