toxic

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toxic

 [tok´sik]
poisonous; see poison.
toxic shock syndrome (TSS) a severe illness characterized by high fever of sudden onset, vomiting, diarrhea, and myalgia, followed by hypotension and, in severe cases, shock and death. A sunburn-like rash with peeling of the skin, especially of the palms and soles, occurs during the late phase. The syndrome affects almost exclusively menstruating women using tampons, although a few women who do not use tampons and a few males have been affected. It is thought to be caused by a toxin secreted by a strain of Staphylococcus aureus.

Treatment includes supportive therapy for shock, antibiotics, and management of respiratory distress, gastrointestinal, and renal involvement when indicated.
Prevention. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggest that toxic shock syndrome could be almost entirely eliminated if the use of vaginal tampons were stopped. However, this is not acceptable for many women. Most authorities do recommend that women who have had the condition and are at risk for recurrence not use tampons at all. Any woman who has had the infection should at least refrain from using tampons until three months after the attack or until she has a negative vaginal culture for Staphylococcus aureus. All women should be cautioned to wash their hands thoroughly before inserting a tampon and to change tampons at least every 6 to 8 hours.

tox·ic

(tok'sik),
1. Synonym(s): poisonous
2. Pertaining to a toxin.
[G. toxikon, an arrow-poison]

toxic

/tox·ic/ (tok´sik)
1. poisonous.
2. manifesting the symptoms of severe poisoning.

toxic

(tŏk′sĭk)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or caused by a toxin or other poison: a toxic condition; toxic hepatitis.
2. Capable of causing injury or death, especially by chemical means; poisonous: toxic industrial waste.
n.
A toxic chemical or other substance.

tox′i·cal·ly adv.

toxic

[tok′sik]
Etymology: Gk, toxikon
1 pertaining to a poison.
2 pertaining to a severe and progressive disease or condition.

toxic

adjective Referring to a potentially dangerous chemical or substance. See Highly toxic, Toxic chemical.

tox·ic

(tok'sik)
1. Synonym(s): poisonous.
2. Pertaining to a toxin.
[G. toxikon, an arrow-poison]

Toxic

Poisoinous.
Mentioned in: Wilson Disease

tox·ic

(tok'sik)
Pertaining to a toxin.
[G. toxikon, an arrow-poison]

toxic

poisonous; pertaining to poisoning.

toxic algae
see algal poisoning.
toxic biotransformations
enzymatic changes of nontoxic to toxic substances, usually in the liver.
toxic epidermal necrolysis
see toxic epidermal necrolysis.
toxic fat syndrome
see chicken edema disease.
toxic granulation
see toxic granules.
toxic hepatitis, toxic liver disease
caused by a very large number of poisons including inorganic, organic, plant.
toxic myopathy
uncommon but is caused by e.g. gossypol, Cassia spp., monensin and the other ionophore coccidiostats.
toxic nephrosis
caused by many toxins, e.g. mercury, arsenic, copper, aminoglycoside antibiotics.
toxic shock
see toxemic shock.
toxic shock syndrome
see toxemic shock.
References in periodicals archive ?
By day 10, despite continued exposure to the toxic algae, the clearance rate of the PSP group was similar to the controls and this continued up to day 18.
In the fall of 2007, Sosik and Olson collaborated with biological oceanographer Lisa Campbell at Texas A&M University to deploy the device in the Gulf of Mexico to look for seasonal blooms of toxic algae called Karenia brevis.
Eutrophication stimulates toxic algae growth and chokes off the oxygen supply in the lakes, killing fish.
The Kirklees Council-owned fishing facility, for which Low Hills Lake Angling Club hold the licence and police the venue, has been closed for several weeks because of green toxic algae.
We still have only rudimentary knowledge of environmental human health effects of toxic algae blooms that adversely affect human health.
On a warm, sunny day, you can hear the presence of a "red tide" of toxic algae on popular Florida beaches, says Barbara Kirkpatrick.
The changed rules will also allow EU member states to provide financial support for fish farmers having to temporarily suspend shellfish harvesting because of the growth of toxic algae.
Shellfish harvesters can now receive financial aid if they have to stop work because toxic algae have damaged their crop.
NEARLY 1,000 Midlanders have backed a call to clear up a public pond which has become plagued by a deadly toxic algae.
Low water levels can lead to the spread of toxic algae, damaging rivers and pools and affecting wildlife.