toxemia of pregnancy


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Related to toxemia of pregnancy: preeclampsia, eclampsia, HELLP syndrome

toxemia

 [tok-se´me-ah]
1. the condition resulting from the spread of bacterial products (toxins) by the bloodstream.
2. a name formerly used to indicate a pregnancy-related syndrome typified by edema, proteinuria, and hypertension that was thought to be due to a toxin released by the mother in response to a foreign protein of the developing fetus. adj., adj toxe´mic.
toxemia of pregnancy former name for preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

toxemia of pregnancy

The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

pregnancy-induced hypertension

A term that encompasses isolated (nonproteinuric) hypertension (HTN)—pre-eclampsia—or proteinuric HTN—eclampsia; PIH occurs in 5–15% of pregnancies, and is a major cause of obstetric and perinatal M&M.
 
Clinical signs
Oedema, swelling (especially facial).

Management
Low-dose aspirin.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Significance of biochemical and ophthalmoscopic changes in toxemia of pregnancy. J Obstet Gynec India 1965; 15:551-9.
Eye changes in hypertensive toxemia of pregnancy: a study of 300 cases.
Bhaskar SH1 found that MAS was significantly higher in toxemia of pregnancy. Usta et al (2) found no significant association of MAS with preeclampsia and diabetes.
amid the 50 cases shows that Nutritional care and iron supplementation to Anemic cases can prevent toxemia of pregnancy.
Various risk factors are associated with increased mortality and morbidity in MAS like post-term babies, primipara and grand multipara, unbooked mothers, mothers with toxemia of pregnancy or prolonged rupture of the membranes, infants with moderate or severe birth asphyxia and operative deliveries (5).
Vascular changes in the deciduas associated with eclamptogenic toxemia of pregnancy. Am J Clin Pathol.
(10.) Pinto M, Rosario, 1970: "Toxemia of pregnancy", J Obt and Gynecology' 154-158pp.
As evident from table 3, the leading causes of maternal mortality were from hemorrhage, toxemia of pregnancy followed by sepsis.
Study of placental pathology in toxemia of pregnancy and its foetal implications.
5- The mothers not have any systemic disease (ant partum hemorrhage, toxemia of pregnancy, blood group incompatibility).
[21.] Entman SS, Richardson LD, Killam AP (1982) Elevated serum ferritin in the altered ferrokinetics of toxemia of pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 144(4):418-422.
In toxemia of pregnancy, serum triglyceride concentration increases much more notably.