total knee replacement


Also found in: Acronyms.

total knee replacement

Orthopedics A procedure that substitutes a painful arthritic knee and articular surface with a synthetic device Indications Advanced osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis with disabling pain Complications Loosening of 1+ synthetic components, dislocation, femoral head fracture, infection, DVT, nerve damage Complications In elderly Pts, TKR carries ↑ risk of cardiovascular–CHF, arrhythmias, ischemia. AMI, syncope, neurologic–acute delirium, CVAs, hypoxic encephalopathy, new-onset dementia, depression, radiculopathy, peroneal nerve palsy. See Clinical decision-making.

to·tal knee re·place·ment

(TKR) (tō'tăl nē rĕ-plās'mĕnt)
Surgical procedure to remove the damaged or diseased joint completely and replace it with a man-made device to restore its function.

Patient discussion about total knee replacement

Q. Has anyone had a minimally invasive partial knee replacement? How did it go and are you pleased? I will be having one in the next few weeks and would just like some input. Thanks...

A. Hmm... Never underwent it myself, but you may read some more here:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00405

and you may also watch it here:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cm6_qxd3P3Q

Take care,

Q. How successful s minimally invasive surgery for knee replacements?

A. Approximately 300,000 knee replacements are performed each year in the United States. and it said that 90% of the people who had a total knee replacement report an improvement in their function. i searched the CDC statistics for failure of the surgery and couldn't find any info about it. but as i said- it's a very common surgery. my grandmother had a hip joint replacement due to arthritis, it helped.
here is something that might help you to prepare for the surgery:

http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00220#Understand the Procedure

good luck!!

More discussions about total knee replacement
References in periodicals archive ?
8221; A total knee replacement can be one of the most trying and tiring of surgeries to undergo.
She and her associates analyzed claims data on 124,986 Medicare beneficiaries who underwent primary total knee replacement and 11,726 who had revision knee replacement.
We need to make sure that family doctors understand that patients have a very positive end result with a total knee replacement," Dr.
Citing evidence in the consensus statement, she debunked some myths about total knee replacement (TKR):
By comparison, if CFR-PEEK was used, the backside could be coated with a bone-bonding material such as hydroxyapatite; therefore, only one tibial component would be needed resulting in a total knee replacement consisting of just two parts.
South Nassau was one of the first in United States to combine image-guided medical technology with minimally invasive knee replacement instrumentation to simplify total knee replacement surgery.
1) Annually, approximately 262,000 total knee replacement surgeries were performed in 1999 in the United States.
The E-plus total knee replacement insert component was developed by the US-based DJO Surgical.
Your doctor is likely to recommend a total knee replacement if arthritis is affecting all three compartments of your knee.
Infection after total knee replacement is a serious and complex complication of total knee replacement (TKR) that is distressing and highly disruptive to the lives of patients.
Knee resurfacing is a true alternative to traditional total knee replacement.
Based on nearly 38,000 total hip replacement (THR) surgeries and 60,000 total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries, the study found that compared to women, men were 15 percent more likely to return to the emergency department within 30 days of hospital discharge following either surgery; 60 and 70 percent more likely to have a heart attack within three months after THR and TKR, respectively; 50 percent more likely to need a revision arthroplasty within two years of TKR; 25 percent more likely to be readmitted to the hospital within two years of TKR.