total intravenous anesthesia

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total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA)

anesthesia using only IV agents without the use of inhalational agents. Drugs used are generally of short duration of action and half-life in order to reduce the risks associated with accumulation. TIVA avoids unwanted effects of inhalational agents and the need for complex apparatus.

total intravenous anesthesia

Abbreviation: TIVA
The sole use of intravenous drugs without any inhalational agents for operative or procedural anesthesia.
See also: anesthesia
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of anesthesia-controlled operating room time between propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia and desflurane anesthesia in open colorectal surgery: A retrospective study.
Ketamine-based total intravenous anesthesia versus isoflurane anesthesia in a swine model of hemorrhagic shock.
5) Total intravenous anesthesia may also be beneficial in patients who have experienced a traumatic brain injury.
Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) via a target-controlled infusion (TCI) system with combined administration of propofol and fentanyl has been shown to provide more rapid emergence compared with other anesthetic techniques in several kinds of surgeries.
11 demonstrated the effects of aminophylline on bispectral index during inhalational and total intravenous anesthesia which was associated with significant increase in BIS up to 10 min after aminophylline injection.
There are two pharmacokinetic models for the administration of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol, Marsh and Schnider models, which take into account interactions between body compartments to modify infusion rate and, in theory, maintain a constant plasmatic concentration.
Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with the short- acting anesthetics propofol and remifentanil is characterized by hemodynamic stability and a better recovery profile.
Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) is one of the most accepted techniques for maintaining anesthesia.
Assessment of depth of anesthesia and postoperative respiratory recovery after remifentanil- versus alfentanil-based total intravenous anesthesia in patients undergoing ear-nose-throat surgery.
Opioid medications are highly effective in the prevention of this type of responses, and, therefore, they are employed both in balanced anesthesia and total intravenous anesthesia (4,5).

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