The two extant specimens are thus topotypes
, but have no formal standing.
We think that the species deserves to be reinstated by finding topotype
The specimens from samples K25 to K28 of the Boghu section are almost identical in morphological characters to the topotypes
and considered here as conspecific.
Furthermore, FMDV O/SEA topotype
(Mya98) was also detected in China in 2003 and in Mongolia in 2004.
Phylogenetic comparisons of Seg-3 sequences have been used to identify different BTV topotypes
and distinguish different Orbivirus species (4).
All viruses from Ethiopia belonged to the AFRICA topotype
(Figure 2) (6).
was first introduced into the Philippines in 1994, probably from mainland China or Hong Kong (the only known places where it existed at that time).
Strain 97-103 was compared antigenically in detail with the Egyptian Eg-101 topotype
strain of WNV (16), a representative of WNV lineage 1 (clade 1a).
notion and the quasispecies concept: The yellow fever virus as example.
Although genetic studies have shown that KUN virus exists in Australia as a single topotype
with [is less than] 2% nucleotide divergence (14,15), Berthet et al.
A crossed comparison of 97-103 and topotype
Eg-101 (2) West Nile virus strains and their antisera (prepared in mice by three intraperitoneal doses at weekly intervals) by plaque reduction neutralization (PRN) on XTC-2 cells (3,4) showed their antigenic relationships: reciprocal titers of homologous/heterologous sera were 512/512 in Eg-101 and 512/64 in 97-103.
Helminthoglypta greggi (2): topotypes
, SBMNH 128018, "Soledad Peak" 11/26/1944.