One of the mandates of the Integrated Product Team (IPT) was to proceed in accordance with the CSA directive to stop development of the ABCS at version 6.4 and refocus efforts and funding toward a top-down
architecture that met the Commander's top seven needs plus Joint interoperability.
The forces of bottom-up secular democratic reform and top-down
mullah control may be stalemated simply because there is no common ground whatsoever between their contending visions.
This possible effect of predators on grazers suggests that there might be important top-down
cascade effects in this system waiting to be studied.
In the process, it dispels myths about isolated skill learning and the need for a top-down
temperatures call for candy-colored cosmetics (like Stila's Denim Collection of the new sparkly pastels from Smashbox) and sunscreen-filled moisturizer (try Origins' new Have A Nice Day with SPF 15).
hierarchy, a pillar of business since the Industrial Revolution, has become obsolete and no longer responds to the new requirements of the business world.
In contrast, the real-world processes of leadership emergence studied in organizational psychology have almost exclusively involved top-down
selection: people and groups further up organizational hierarchies appoint and promote individuals to fill positions of responsibility below them in the hierarchy.
In others, years of "top-down
" management have created a culture in which CNAs are the infantry, doing only what they're told and volunteering for nothing.
For these reasons, says Konduros, "Kaizen needs top-down
The basis of this book is a critique of what the authors refer to as the "top-down
" and "bottom-up" change models and the presentation of the authors' alternative.
There is much current interest in the relative importance of "top-down
Many have argued that this rigid top-down
organizational structure precipitated the downfall of the team policing concept of the 1970s.(4) In many ways a precursor to today's community policing efforts, team policing called for the aggressive decentralization of police operations.