tonic-clonic seizure

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Related to tonic-clonic seizure: grand mal seizure, Myoclonic seizure


1. the sudden attack or recurrence of a disease.
2. a convulsion or attack of epilepsy.
absence seizure the seizure seen in petit mal epilepsy, marked by a momentary break in the stream of thought and activity, accompanied by a symmetrical spike and wave at 3 cycles per second on the electroencephalogram. Called also petit malseizure. See epilepsy.
atonic seizure an absence seizure characterized by sudden loss of muscle tone.
complex partial seizure see partial seizure.
febrile seizure febrile convulsion.
focal seizure partial seizure.
focal motor seizure a simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group, occurring either singly or in a continuous repetitive series.
generalized tonic-clonic seizure (grand mal seizure) the seizure seen in grand mal epilepsy, marked by loss of consciousness and generalized tonic convulsions followed by clonic convulsions. See epilepsy.
jackknife s's infantile spasms.
myoclonic seizure one characterized by a brief episode of myoclonus.
partial seizure any seizure due to a lesion in a specific, known area of the cerebral cortex; symptoms vary with different lesion locations. A simple partial seizure is the most localized type, with a discharge that is predominantly one-sided or presents localized features without loss of consciousness. A complex partial seizure is associated with disease of the temporal lobe and characterized by varying degrees of impairment of consciousness. See epilepsy.
petit mal seizure absence seizure.
reflex seizure (sensory seizure) an epileptic seizure in response to a sensory stimulus, which may be tactile, visual, auditory, or musical.
simple partial seizure see partial seizure.
tonic-clonic seizure see generalized tonic-clonic seizure.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ton·ic-·clo·nic sei·zure

a seizure characterized by a sequence consisting of a tonic-clonic phase; when generalized, constitutes what has been known as a "grand mal" seizure.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

tonic-clonic seizure

A generalized seizure marked by convulsions and loss of consciousness. Also called grand mal seizure.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

tonic-clonic seizure

Generalized tonic-clonic seizure, see there, aka grand mal seizure. See Grand mal seizure.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ton·ic-clo·nic sei·zure

(tonik-klonik sēzhŭr)
One characterized by a sequence consisting of a tonic-clonic phase; when generalized, constitutes what has been known as a "grand mal" seizure.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
A literature review for olanzapine yielded 1 case report of repetitive focal seizures and lingual dystonia, (32) 5 case reports of generalized tonic-clonic seizures and myoclonus, (33-37) and 2 case reports of status epilepticus.
(14) In contrast, diazepam protected all animals from the PTZ-induced tonic-clonic seizure and death.
The results of our study are consistent with Dunn, Austin, and Huster (1999) study which illustrated the link of anxiety with generalized tonic-clonic seizures than to complex partial seizure and others.
In an acute chemical model of generalized tonic-clonic seizure, automated seizure detectors performed better for subcortical structures like thalamus or hippocampus than in cortex.
Tonic-clonic seizures occurred in 31 (54.4%) patients (26 men and 5 women): single in 14 (45%) patients and multiple in 17 (55%) patients after a tramadol dose in the range of 250-2500 mg.
This suggests that severe muscular contractions secondary to tonic-clonic seizures, in the absence of secondary trauma/external forces, can result in spinal fractures.
Tonic-clonic seizures were the most common type of generalized seizures accounting for 23% of all and 88% of generalized seizures.
Al-Zakwani et al (30) in Oman (Arabian Peninsula) also indicated high percentage of (50.6%) of generalized tonic-clonic seizures among the epileptic patients in their study.
He had first experienced a tonic-clonic seizure nine years before this admission, after he witnessed the murder of a friend.
She suffered a tonic-clonic seizure en route to the emergency department, which was treated with rectal diazepam (intravenous access could not be obtained).
The aim is to induce a generalised tonic-clonic seizure with a sufficient dose to maximise efficacy but not too high to reduce cognitive side effects.
A tonic-clonic seizure is a generalized seizure at its worst.