toenail

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toenail

 [to´nāl]
the nail on any of the digits of the foot.
ingrown toenail aberrant growth of a toenail, with one (usually the outer) margin growing deeply into the nail groove and surrounding tissues.

nail

(nāl),
1. One of the thin, horny, translucent plates covering the dorsal surface of the distal end of each terminal phalanx of fingers and toes. A nail consists of corpus or body, the visible part, and radix or root at the proximal end concealed under a fold of skin. The underpart of the nail is formed from the stratum germinativum of the epidermis, the free surface from the stratum lucidum, and the thin cuticular fold overlapping the lunula representing the stratum corneum. Synonym(s): unguis [TA], nail plate, onyx
2. A rod of metal or other solid substance, used in operations to fasten together the fragments of a broken bone.
[A.S. naegel]

toenail

/toe·nail/ (to´nāl) the nail on any of the digits of the foot.
ingrown toenail  see under nail.

toenail

(tō′nāl′)
n.
1. The thin, horny, transparent plate covering the upper surface of the end of a toe.
2. A nail driven obliquely, as to join vertical and horizontal beams.
tr.v. toe·nailed, toe·nailing, toe·nails
To secure (beams) with obliquely driven nails.

toenail

Etymology: AS, ta + naegel
one of the heavy ungual structures covering the terminal phalanges of the toes. Also called unguis [ung′gwis] .

nail

(nāl)
1. One of the thin, horny, translucent plates covering the dorsal surface of the distal end of each terminal phalanx of fingers and toes. A nail consists of a visible corpus or body, and a radix or root at the proximal end concealed under a fold of skin. The under part of the nail is formed from the stratum germinativum of the epidermis, and the free surface from the stratum lucidum, with the thin cuticular fold that overlaps the lunula representing the stratum corneum.
2. A slender rod of metal, bone, or other solid substance, used in operations to fasten together the divided extremities of a broken bone.
Synonym(s): unguis [TA] , nail plate, onyx.

toenail

occur in some animals, e.g. elephants, instead of the more conventional claws.

Patient discussion about toenail

Q. How to prevent an ingrown toenail? I recently had an ingrown toenail and am scared of having another. How can I prevent it?

A. When you trim your toe nails make sure your cut them straight a cross. What ever you do, don't tear the nail off.

Q. How to treat an ingrown toenail? I think I have an ingrown toenail. How to treat it?

A. When the problem is mild, you may only need to soak your foot in warm water for 15 to 20 minutes and place dry cotton, such as part of a cotton ball, under the corner of the nail. Signs that the problem is getting worse include increasing pain, swelling and drainage of the area. Sometimes minor surgery is needed to remove the part of the nail that is poking into the skin.

Q. What are the symptoms of an ingrown toenail? My son has a red toe and complains that it hurts. Is this an ingrown toenail?

A. The main symptom of an ingrown toenail is the pain from the nail growing into the skin instead of over it. If the ingrown toenail gets infected, it might be swollen or red, and it might drain pus. The area around the ingrown toenail is often painful.

More discussions about toenail