toe box


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toe box

most distal area of shoe upper, enclosing toes; see Table 1
Table 1: Parts of a shoe
PartFeatures
The upperThat part of the shoe that covers and encloses the dorsal, medial, lateral and posterior aspects of the foot
The upper may be made from a single piece of material, or from a number of shaped elements, including:
Toe boxThe space at the distal limit of the shoe
Toe puffThe stiffener that lines and maintains the shape of the toe box
Toe capAn additional layer of upper material that overlies the toe box
VampThe part of the upper immediately overlaying the dorsum of the MTPJs (the part of the upper subjected to maximum flexing)
TongueThe shaped strip of upper that lies between and under the facings and overlies the dorsum of the metatarsals and tarsus
QuartersThe close-fitting part of the shoe that encloses the medial and lateral aspects of the tarsus and heel and the posterior heel area
Heel counterShaped stiffeners that maintain the contour of the heel of the shoe
BackstayA strip of material that overlies the back seam that joins the quarters at the posterior heel
SoleThat part of the shoe that covers and encloses the plantar aspect of the foot
The sole is made of hard-wearing materials that both cushion and protect the foot
InsoleThe innermost part of the sole on which the foot rests, often cushioned
ShankA metal strip extending from the middle of the heel to the tarsus
Bottom fillingsInfill material used to level out the space between the insole and the outsole where the shank is positioned (not including where the outsole is directly moulded to the upper)
WeltA strip of leather stitched between the upper and the outsole
OutsoleThe part of the shoe in direct contact with ground surface, made of a material that withstands hard wear, shock-absorbs and aids traction
HeelLifts added to the area of the outsole area that lies under the rearfoot

MTPJ, metatarsophalangeal joint.

References in periodicals archive ?
The narrow toe box makes it hard for many women to properly fit their entire foot into the shoe.
Shoe choice: Wearing shoes with a soft, roomy toe box and avoiding high heels will take the pressure off the hammertoe.
Children with flat feet Children with flat feet need shoes with a wide toe box, maximum arch support and shock absorption.
Experts say that switching to a lower heel and roomier toe box help ease painful problems such as hammertoes and bunions that may develop as the foot begins to take the shape of a poor-fitting shoe.
Make sure you're running in shoes with a high toe box.
For a contemporary take on flip-flops, Banana Republic carries a marbled purple clear acrylic style that features a square platform with a turned-up toe box, while Birkenstock debuts its new red iridescent snake skin thong on a cork and rubber sole with the company's trademark scoop design that allows toes to grip while exercising muscles.
The recommended heel height is one to one-and-a-half inches, with a toe box wide enough to accommodate the foot comfortably.
The shoe is made of durable leathers for optimal support and features perforation in the toe box and midfoot, providing improved ventilation and comfort.
Natural33(TM) Last: Mimicking the shape of the foot, this anatomically shaped last provides a secure heel fit and an ample toe box that allows the toes to splay.
Features the "perfect placement" toe box and graduated shanks.
Orthopedic surgeons recommend that everyone should wear shoes that match the natural shape of the foot with a roomy toe box, low heel of one inch or less, material that breathes like leather, and appropriate cushioning.