tocolysis


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tocolysis

 [to-kol´ĭ-sis]
postponement of preterm labor.

tocolysis

(tō″kō-lī′sĭs) [″ + lysis, dissolution]
Inhibition of uterine contractions. Drugs used for this include adrenergic agonists, magnesium sulfate, and ethanol.
References in periodicals archive ?
Their population-based historical cohort study suggests that patients who are not maintained on oral tocolysis are more than twice as likely to deliver prematurely as are those who do receive oral maintenance, the investigators reported in a poster presentation at the annual meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine.
(9), who reported increased median fetal DNA concentrations in eight pregnant women with preterm labor in whom tocolytic treatment was not effective when compared with six women who responded to tocolysis. The major differences between these two studies are that our study was based on a larger cohort and could be performed in a genderindependent manner, unlike the previous study, which was restricted to the analysis of male fetal DNA in the maternal blood (9).
This axiom is illustrated here by the finding that the use of tocolysis to attempt to control preterm labor, an intervention widely accepted by physicians during the 1980s, varied much less by nonclinical factors than did the less widely accepted intervention, the use of corticosteroids to reduce respiratory complications in premature newborns.
However, tocolysis should be considered if the few days gained would be put to good use, such as completing a course of corticosteroids or in utero transfer.
After one week of tocolysis with intravenous ritodrine, she developed acute dyspnea and was referred to our hospital.
The same patient received tocolysis and also had comorbid valvular heart disease.
After taking consent from the patients, all the details were documented on a proforma and tocolysis was started with either of these tocolytics according to a preset protocol.
[USPRwire, Mon Sep 21 2015] Global Markets Direct's, 'Premature Labor (Tocolysis) - Pipeline Review, H2 2015', provides an overview of the Premature Labor (Tocolysis) 's therapeutic pipeline.
SAN DIEGO -- Nifedipine and atosiban for tocolysis in women with threatened preterm delivery had similar rates of adverse perinatal outcomes in a randomized clinical trial, but an increase in perinatal mortality in those treated with nifedipine is raising concerns about its safety.
Tocolysis was maintained thereafter if contractions recurred after stopping tocolysis.
Low pregravid body mass index (BMI) is associated with an increase in the prevalence of late preterm delivery and of spontaneous preterm labour, hence, maternal BMI was also found to be a cause which leads to preterm birth.7 Some researches have indicated that infectious agents play a role in either initiating preterm labour, causing premature rupture of the membranes, or preventing tocolysis. A significant cause of premature rupture of membranes is infection with Bacteroides species.8 It was also found that mothers who did not consume fish during their pregnancy are at a strong risk of having preterm delivery and giving birth to low birth weight child.