tinea (tin'e-a ) [L. tinea, bookworm]
Any fungal skin disease occurring on various parts of the body. See: dermatomycosis
There are two types of findings. Superficial findings are marked by scaling, slight itching, reddish or grayish patches, and dry, brittle hair that is easily extracted with the hair shaft. The deep type is characterized by flat, reddish, kerion-like tumors, the surface studded with dead or broken hairs or by gaping follicular orifices. Nodules may be broken down in the center, discharging pus through dilated follicular openings.
Griseofulvin, terbinafine, or ketoconazole is given orally for all types of true trichophyton infections. Local treatment alone is of little benefit in ringworm of the scalp, nails, and in most cases the feet. Topical preparations containing fungicidal agents are useful in the treatment of tinea cruris and tinea pedis.
Personal hygiene is important in controlling these two common diseases. The use of antiseptic foot baths to control tinea pedis does not prevent spread of the infection from one person to another. Persons affected should not let others use their personal items such as clothes, towels, and sports equipment.
Tinea of the scalp, tinea capitis, is particularly resistant if due to Microsporum audouinii. It should not be treated topically. Systemic griseofulvin is quite effective.
Sticky scaling of the scalp following infection or trauma.
tinea barbaeBarber's itch.
A fungal infection of the scalp. It may be due to one of several types of Microsporum or to Trichophyton tonsurans. See: illustration; kerion
Tinea of the body. It begins with red, slightly elevated scaly patches that on examination reveal minute vesicles or papules. New patches spring from the periphery while the central portion clears. There is often considerable itching. See: illustration
A fungus skin disease of surfaces of contact in the scrotal, crural, anal, and genital areas. Synonym: dhobie itch; jock itch See: illustration
Chronic tinea caused by Trichophyton concentricum. It is present in tropical regions. The annular lesions have scales at their periphery.
Tinea corporis that grows rapidly and in unusual patterns after the use of topical steroids.
An asymptomatic superficial fungal infection that affects the skin of the palms. Caused by Hortaea werneckii, it is characterized by deeply pigmented, macular, nonscaly patches. Synonym: pityriasis nigra
Sheathlike nodular masses in the hair of the beard and mustache from growth of either Piedraia hortae, which causes black piedra, or Trichosporon beigelii, which causes white piedra. The masses surround the hairs, which become brittle; hairs may be penetrated by fungus and thus split. Synonym: piedra
tinea pedisAthlete's foot.
tinea profundaMajocchi's disease.
tinea sycosisBarber's itch (2).
tinea tonsurans Tinea capitis.
TINEA VERSICOLOR (on back)
TINEA VERSICOLOR (on back)
A fungus infection of the skin producing yellow or fawn-colored branny patches. A topically applied azole antifungal cream or 2% selenium sulfide lotion is effective in treating the causative agent, the fungus Malassezia furfur. Synonym: pityriasis versicolor See: illustrationillustration
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