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ringworm; any of numerous different fungal infections of the skin; the specific type (depending on characteristic appearance, etiologic agent and site) usually is designated by a modifying term.
tinea bar´bae ringworm of the beard, seen on bearded parts of the face and neck; caused by Trichophyton.
tinea ca´pitis ringworm of the scalp, a fungal infection caused by various species of Microsporum and Trichophyton. Generally it is characterized by one or more small, round, elevated patches, scaling of the scalp, and dry and brittle hair.
tinea cor´poris a fungal infection of the glabrous (smooth) skin, usually due to species of Microsporum or Trichophyton.
tinea cru´ris ringworm of the groin area, starting in the perineal folds and extending onto the inner surface of the thighs; it is more common in males and is caused by Epidermophyton floccosum or species of Trichophyton; called also eczema marginatum, epidermophytosis cruris, and jock itch.
tinea fa´ciei ringworm of the face, seen on non-hairy areas of the face, often with a similar presentation to that of tinea corporis.
tinea imbrica´ta a distinctive type of tinea corporis occurring in tropical countries and caused by Trichophyton concentricum. The early lesion is circular, surrounded by a ring of scales attached along one edge; several new and larger scaling rings form later.
tinea ma´nus (tinea ma´nuum) ringworm of the hand, usually involving the interdigital spaces and palmar surfaces of the hands; it almost always accompanies tinea pedis, with the same etiologic agent for both infections.
tinea pe´dis athlete's foot.
tinea profun´da trichophytic granuloma.
tinea syco´sis an inflammatory, deep type of tinea barbae, due to Trichophyton violaceum or T. rubrum.
tinea un´guium tinea involving the nails; the invasion may be restricted to white patches or pits on the nail surface, or the lateral or distal edges of the nail may be involved first, followed by establishment of the infection beneath the nail plate.
tinea versi´color a chronic, usually asymptomatic disorder due to Malassezia furfur, marked only by multiple macular patches. Called also pityriasis versicolor.


A fungus infection (dermatophytosis) of the keratin component of hair, skin, or nails. Genera of fungi causing such infection are Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton.
Synonym(s): ringworm, serpigo (1)
[L. worm, moth]


/tin·ea/ (tin´e-ah) ringworm; any of numerous different superficial fungal infections of the skin, types being defined according to appearance, etiology, or site.
tinea bar´bae  tinea of bearded parts of the face and neck caused by species of Trichophyton.
tinea ca´pitis  tinea of the scalp, due to species of Trichophyton or Microsporum.
tinea circina´ta , tinea cor´poris tinea of glabrous skin, usually due to species of Trichophyton or Microsporum.
tinea cru´ris  tinea of the groin, perineum, or perineal regions, sometimes spreading to contiguous areas; it often accompanies tinea pedis and has the same causative organism.
tinea fa´ciei  tinea of the face, other than the bearded area.
tinea ni´gra  a minor fungal infection caused by Hortaea werneckii, having dark lesions with the appearance of spattered silver nitrate on the skin of the hands or occasionally other areas.
tinea imbrica´ta  a form of tinea corporis seen in the tropics, due to Trichophyton concentricum; the early lesion is annular with a circle of scales at the periphery.
tinea pe´dis  athlete's foot; a chronic superficial type on the skin of the foot, especially between toes or on the soles, due to species of Trichophyton or to Epidermophyton floccosum.
tinea profun´da  trichophytic granuloma.
tinea syco´sis  an inflammatory, deep type of tinea barbae, due to Trichophyton violaceum or T. rubrum.
tinea un´guium  tinea of the nails, first the surface and lateral and distal edges and later the part beneath the nail plate.
tinea versi´color  a chronic, noninflammatory, usually asymptomatic type with multiple macular patches, seen in tropical regions and caused by Malassezia furfur.



tin′e·al adj.


Etymology: L, worm
a group of fungal skin diseases caused by dermatophytes of several kinds. The condition is characterized by itching, scaling, and sometimes painful lesions. Tinea is spread by direct contact between humans and even domestic dogs or cats. Diagnosis is made by demonstrating fungus on smear or by culture. Also called ringworm. See also tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea pedis, tinea unguium.


A fungus infection (dermatophytosis) of the keratin component of hair, skin, or nails. Genera of fungi causing such infection are Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton.
Synonym(s): ringworm, serpigo (1) .
[L. worm, moth]


(tin'e-a ) [L. tinea, bookworm]
Any fungal skin disease occurring on various parts of the body. See: dermatomycosis


There are two types of findings. Superficial findings are marked by scaling, slight itching, reddish or grayish patches, and dry, brittle hair that is easily extracted with the hair shaft. The deep type is characterized by flat, reddish, kerion-like tumors, the surface studded with dead or broken hairs or by gaping follicular orifices. Nodules may be broken down in the center, discharging pus through dilated follicular openings.


Griseofulvin, terbinafine, or ketoconazole is given orally for all types of true trichophyton infections. Local treatment alone is of little benefit in ringworm of the scalp, nails, and in most cases the feet. Topical preparations containing fungicidal agents are useful in the treatment of tinea cruris and tinea pedis.

Personal hygiene is important in controlling these two common diseases. The use of antiseptic foot baths to control tinea pedis does not prevent spread of the infection from one person to another. Persons affected should not let others use their personal items such as clothes, towels, and sports equipment.

Tinea of the scalp, tinea capitis, is particularly resistant if due to Microsporum audouinii. It should not be treated topically. Systemic griseofulvin is quite effective.

tinea amiantacea

Sticky scaling of the scalp following infection or trauma.

tinea barbae

Barber's itch.
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tinea capitis

A fungal infection of the scalp. It may be due to one of several types of Microsporum or to Trichophyton tonsurans.
See: illustration; kerion
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tinea corporis

Tinea of the body. It begins with red, slightly elevated scaly patches that on examination reveal minute vesicles or papules. New patches spring from the periphery while the central portion clears. There is often considerable itching. See: illustration
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tinea cruris

A fungus skin disease of surfaces of contact in the scrotal, crural, anal, and genital areas.
Synonym: dhobie itch; jock itch See: illustration

tinea imbricata

Chronic tinea caused by Trichophyton concentricum. It is present in tropical regions. The annular lesions have scales at their periphery.

tinea incognita

Tinea corporis that grows rapidly and in unusual patterns after the use of topical steroids.

tinea kerion


tinea nigra

An asymptomatic superficial fungal infection that affects the skin of the palms. Caused by Hortaea werneckii, it is characterized by deeply pigmented, macular, nonscaly patches.
Synonym: pityriasis nigra

tinea nodosa

Sheathlike nodular masses in the hair of the beard and mustache from growth of either Piedraia hortae, which causes black piedra, or Trichosporon beigelii, which causes white piedra. The masses surround the hairs, which become brittle; hairs may be penetrated by fungus and thus split.
Synonym: piedra

tinea pedis

Athlete's foot.

tinea profunda

Majocchi's disease.

tinea sycosis

Barber's itch (2).

tinea tonsurans

Tinea capitis.

tinea unguium

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tinea versicolor

A fungus infection of the skin producing yellow or fawn-colored branny patches. A topically applied azole antifungal cream or 2% selenium sulfide lotion is effective in treating the causative agent, the fungus Malassezia furfur.
Synonym: pityriasis versicolor See: illustrationillustration


Infection of the skin by fungi, especially Microsporum , Trichophyton and Epidermophyton species. These parasitize the dead outer layer of the skin (epidermis), the hair and the nails. Common sites of infection are the feet (tinea pedis), the groin (tinea cruris), the trunk (tinea corporis), the scalp (tinea capitis) and the nails (tinea unguium). The infection causes intense itching and a raised, scaly, inflammatory linear rash that tends to move outwards from its start point. Tinea of the nails is very persistent and the affected nail is often lost. Tinea is treated with the drug GRISEOFULVIN, taken by mouth, or by local applications of IMIDAZOLES, TERBINAFINE or other fungicides. The condition is often called ‘ringworm’.


a fungal infection of the skin, such as ringworm.


A superficial infection of the skin, hair, or nails, caused by a fungus and commonly known as ringworm.
Mentioned in: KOH Test


; ringworm fungal infection of keratinized structures (i.e. skin, hair and nails) spread by contact transmission, especially in those living in a community with shared bathing facilities; susceptibility increases with age, diabetes, atherosclerosis, metabolic and hormonal imbalance and dyshidrosis (see Table 1 and tinea pedis)
Table 1: Treatment of fungal infections of skin and nails
Infection siteAgent
Antimycotic agent (for the treatment of dermatophytosis)
SkinTopical allylamine (e.g. 1% terbinafine cream for 7 days)
Topical imidazoles (e.g. 2% miconazole or 1% clotrimazole for 28 days)
Topical 0.25% amorolfine
Topical 1% econazole
Topical griseofulvin spray (400 μg puff daily for 14 days)
Topical 1% sulconazole
Topical tea tree (manuka) oil
Topical undecenoate (20% zinc undecenoate + 5% undecenoic acid)
Topical Whitfield's ointment (6% benzoic acid + 3% salicylic acid)
Other topicals include: weak iodine solution 2.5%; potassium permanganate paint 1%; salicylate acid cream or alcoholic solution 3-5%; benzoic acid (Whitfield's) ointment; sodium polymetaphosphate dusting powder
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 2 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (100 mg daily for 15 days)
Systemic griseofulvin (500 mg daily )
NailTopical amorolfine 0.25% lacquer as an adjunct to systemic treatment
Topical borotannic acid complex acid; Phytex paint (1.46% salicylic acid + 4.89% tannic acid + 3.12% boric acid)
Topical 28% tioconazole lacquer
Topical undecenoate lacquer; Monphytol paint (5% methyl undecenoate + 0.7% propyl undecenoate + 3% salicylic acid + 25% methyl salicylate + 5% propyl salicylate + 3% chlorambucil)
Other topicals: strong iodine 10% solution
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 12-16 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (400 mg for 1 week in a month, repeated overall 3 or 4 times)
Anticandidal agent (for the treatment of candidiasis)
SkinTopical antimycotic creams (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole)
Topical nystatin (100 000 units ± 1% tolnaftate)
Antipityriasis versicolor agent (for the treatment of pityriasis versicolor)
SkinTopical 2% ketoconazole
Topical 2.5% selenium sulphide
Topical antimycotic agents (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole; 1% sulconazole; 1% terbinafine)
Systemic fluconazole/itraconazole/ketoconazole/miconazole/voriconazole


Fungal infection of keratin component of hair, skin, or nails.

tinea (tinē´ə),

n a group of fungal skin diseases caused by dermatophytes of several kinds, characterized by itching, scaling, and sometimes painful lesions.
Tinea is a general term that refers to infections of various causes, which are seen in several sites.
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tinea capitis,
n a superficial fungal infection of the scalp seen most commonly in children.
tinea corporis,
n a superficial fungal infection of the nonhairy skin of the body, most prevalent in hot, humid climates.
tinea cruris,
n a superficial fungal infection of the groin.
tinea pedis,
n a chronic superficial fungal infection of the foot, especially of the skin between the toes.
tinea unguium
n a superficial fungal infection of the nails.
tinea versicolor,
n a fungal infection of the skin caused by
Malassezia furfur and characterized by finely desquamating pale tan patches on the upper trunk and upper arms.


ringworm; a name applied to many different kinds of fungal infection of the skin, the specific type (depending on characteristic appearance, etiological agent and site) usually being designated by a modifying term. Often used in humans but uncommonly in animals.

tinea nigra
superficial phaeohyphomycosis.
tinea versicolor
a skin disease of humans in which infection by Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum orbiculare) causes skin lesions which differ in color from surrounding, noninfected skin. A similar disease has been described on the udder of goats.
References in periodicals archive ?
As per this analytical research study, the global tinea pedis treatment market is estimated to reach a valuation of more than USD 1.
Out of 85 clinically suspected cases, 79 presented with tinea cruris, 4 cases presented with onychomycosis and rest 2 cases presented with tinea capitis.
Clotrimazole has been widely used topically for the treatment of the tinea corporis/cruris for over 25 years.
Tinea pedis and onychomycosis commonly co-occur, and the presence of tinea pedis may increase the risk for onychomycosis, even after effective treatment.
In this study, we aimed to assess onychomycosis and/or tinea pedis frequency in diabetic patients, and effects on the development of chronic complications, particularly foot ulcer.
Epidemiology of tinea capitis in Europe: current state and changing patterns.
In the nondiabetic population, the first-line treatment for tinea pedis is typically a topical antifungal.
Tinea imbricata is an anthropophilic dermatophytosis caused exclusively by Trichophyton concentricum that is primarily seen in individuals of pure race residing in primitive isolated conditions and often is associated with poor hygiene.
If they don't have tinea pedis, they probably don't have onychomycosis unless they've had tinea pedis recently and got rid of it," she said.