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tinea/tin·ea/ (tin´e-ah) ringworm; any of numerous different superficial fungal infections of the skin, types being defined according to appearance, etiology, or site.
Synonym(s): ringworm, serpigo (1) .
tinea(tin'e-a ) [L. tinea, bookworm]
There are two types of findings. Superficial findings are marked by scaling, slight itching, reddish or grayish patches, and dry, brittle hair that is easily extracted with the hair shaft. The deep type is characterized by flat, reddish, kerion-like tumors, the surface studded with dead or broken hairs or by gaping follicular orifices. Nodules may be broken down in the center, discharging pus through dilated follicular openings.
Griseofulvin, terbinafine, or ketoconazole is given orally for all types of true trichophyton infections. Local treatment alone is of little benefit in ringworm of the scalp, nails, and in most cases the feet. Topical preparations containing fungicidal agents are useful in the treatment of tinea cruris and tinea pedis.
Personal hygiene is important in controlling these two common diseases. The use of antiseptic foot baths to control tinea pedis does not prevent spread of the infection from one person to another. Persons affected should not let others use their personal items such as clothes, towels, and sports equipment.
Tinea of the scalp, tinea capitis, is particularly resistant if due to Microsporum audouinii. It should not be treated topically. Systemic griseofulvin is quite effective.
tinea barbaeBarber's itch.
tinea pedisAthlete's foot.
tinea profundaMajocchi's disease.
tinea sycosisBarber's itch (2).
tinea tonsuransTinea capitis.
tineaInfection of the skin by fungi, especially Microsporum , Trichophyton and Epidermophyton species. These parasitize the dead outer layer of the skin (epidermis), the hair and the nails. Common sites of infection are the feet (tinea pedis), the groin (tinea cruris), the trunk (tinea corporis), the scalp (tinea capitis) and the nails (tinea unguium). The infection causes intense itching and a raised, scaly, inflammatory linear rash that tends to move outwards from its start point. Tinea of the nails is very persistent and the affected nail is often lost. Tinea is treated with the drug GRISEOFULVIN, taken by mouth, or by local applications of IMIDAZOLES, TERBINAFINE or other fungicides. The condition is often called ‘ringworm’.
tineaa fungal infection of the skin, such as ringworm.
tinea; ringworm fungal infection of keratinized structures (i.e. skin, hair and nails) spread by contact transmission, especially in those living in a community with shared bathing facilities; susceptibility increases with age, diabetes, atherosclerosis, metabolic and hormonal imbalance and dyshidrosis (see Table 1 and tinea pedis)
|Antimycotic agent (for the treatment of dermatophytosis)|
|Skin||Topical allylamine (e.g. 1% terbinafine cream for 7 days)|
Topical imidazoles (e.g. 2% miconazole or 1% clotrimazole for 28 days)
Topical 0.25% amorolfine
Topical 1% econazole
Topical griseofulvin spray (400 μg puff daily for 14 days)
Topical 1% sulconazole
Topical tea tree (manuka) oil
Topical undecenoate (20% zinc undecenoate + 5% undecenoic acid)
Topical Whitfield's ointment (6% benzoic acid + 3% salicylic acid)
Other topicals include: weak iodine solution 2.5%; potassium permanganate paint 1%; salicylate acid cream or alcoholic solution 3-5%; benzoic acid (Whitfield's) ointment; sodium polymetaphosphate dusting powder
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 2 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (100 mg daily for 15 days)
Systemic griseofulvin (500 mg daily )
|Nail||Topical amorolfine 0.25% lacquer as an adjunct to systemic treatment|
Topical borotannic acid complex acid; Phytex paint (1.46% salicylic acid + 4.89% tannic acid + 3.12% boric acid)
Topical 28% tioconazole lacquer
Topical undecenoate lacquer; Monphytol paint (5% methyl undecenoate + 0.7% propyl undecenoate + 3% salicylic acid + 25% methyl salicylate + 5% propyl salicylate + 3% chlorambucil)
Other topicals: strong iodine 10% solution
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 12-16 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (400 mg for 1 week in a month, repeated overall 3 or 4 times)
Anticandidal agent (for the treatment of candidiasis)
|Skin||Topical antimycotic creams (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole)|
Topical nystatin (100 000 units ± 1% tolnaftate)
Antipityriasis versicolor agent (for the treatment of pityriasis versicolor)
|Skin||Topical 2% ketoconazole|
Topical 2.5% selenium sulphide
Topical antimycotic agents (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole; 1% sulconazole; 1% terbinafine)
Tinea is a general term that refers to infections of various causes, which are seen in several sites.
Malassezia furfur and characterized by finely desquamating pale tan patches on the upper trunk and upper arms.