tick bite


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Related to tick bite: Lyme disease

tick bite

Etymology: ME, tike + AS, bitan, to bite
a puncture wound produced by the toothed beak of a blood-sucking tick, a small, tough-skinned arachnid. Ticks transmit several diseases to humans, and a few species carry a neurotoxin in their saliva that may cause ascending paralysis beginning in the legs. Nervousness, loss of appetite, tingling, and headache, followed by muscle pain and, in extreme cases, respiratory failure may occur. Symptoms often disappear when the attached tick is carefully removed with forceps. See also Lyme disease, Q fever, relapsing fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia.

tick bite

A wound produced by a bloodsucking tick. Adult ticks (and immature nymphs) may be vectors for infectious diseases, including Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Q fever, tularemia, borreliosis, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Lyme disease. They can also produce tick paralysis, a disease that may mimic Guillain-Barré syndrome.

The bite itself may produce a localized reddened area of skin, which is typically of little importance. This area may be raised or slightly itchy.

Patient care

People who are exposed to environments where ticks proliferate (hikers, hunters, surveyors, or children and adults with more casual environmental exposures) should be educated about the importance of wearing clothing that leaves little skin exposed. The clothing should be pretreated with insect repellents or insecticides like permethrin. Adults and children over two should also apply repellent products like DEET, lemon eucalyptus oil, or picaridin directly to exposed skin. These products will prevent not only tick attachment but also other insect bites, e.g., by disease-causing mosquitoes. Attached ticks should be removed from the skin by taking a pair of small tweezers or forceps, grasping the tick firmly by the mouth parts, and pulling the insect directly out of the skin, leaving no body parts embedded.

CAUTION!

Ticks should not be removed by burning them with matches, by soaking them in petroleum jelly, or by injecting the subcutaneous tissue beneath their mouth parts with lidocaine. None of these methods is effective, and some may be hazardous.
See also: bite

Patient discussion about tick bite

Q. I had a tick to bite me a few days ago now I have a headache on and off and feel nauseous and diarrhea My friend had a stomach virus last week is my symptoms coming from the tick or is it a coincidence

A. It sounds like the tick bite is just a coincidence. You probably caught a virus, not necessarily from your friend who was sick, but that's also a possibility. However, if the bad feeling doesn't go away, or your suddenly experience fever spikes, you should see a doctor, because you might have a bacterial infection that will need antibiotics.

More discussions about tick bite
References in periodicals archive ?
An epidemic survey of tick bites among ground Self-Defense Forces members in Hokkaido [in Japanese].
The Infectious Diseases Society of America does not recommend systemic antibiotic prophylaxis following a tick bite.
Ixodes AG is delighted that the FDA has agreed on our phase III protocol according to Special Protocol Assessment (SPA) and given Ixogel[R] a QIDP designation, further affirming the importance of addressing the serious medical need related to Lyme Disease due to tick bites," says Gustave Huber, Ixodes Chief Executive Officer.
We believe that additional tick bites can make the allergy come back.
The meat allergy ''does not seem to be lifelong, but the caveat is, additional tick bites bring it back,'' Commins said.
Tourists should be given more information about tick bites and Lyme disease.
In some cases there is a rash at the location of the tick bite, similar to one you can get from a tick bite transmitting Lyme disease, but it does not always appear.
The diagnosis is relatively easy if there is a history of a tick bite and the characteristic round rash develops.
The most common symptom of Lyme disease - and often the only symptom - is a slowly expanding pink or reddish rash called erythema migrans, which gradually extends slowly outwards from the site of the tick bite.
The study sought to determine the effectiveness of Insect Shield-treated clothing for tick bite prevention among outdoor workers from the North Carolina Division of Water Quality (NCDWQ).
It can be transmitted to a human only via a tick bite.
Symptoms of Lyme disease can include a bull's-eye-shaped rash at the site of the tick bite, flu-like symptoms that won't go away, muscle soreness and joint swelling.