tic douloureux


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to tic douloureux: trigeminal neuralgia

tic

 [tik] (Fr.)
an involuntary, compulsive, rapid, repetitive, stereotyped movement or vocalization, experienced as irresistible although it can be suppressed for some length of time; occurrence is increased by stress and reduced during sleep or engrossing activities. Tics may be of psychogenic or neurogenic origin and are subclassified as either simple, such as eye blinking, shoulder shrugging, coughing, grunting, snorting, or barking; or complex, such as facial gestures, grooming motions, coprolalia (obscene language), echolalia (repeating the most recently heard word or sound), or echokinesis (imitation of another's movements).
tic douloureux a painful disorder of the trigeminal nerve, characterized by severe pain in the face and forehead on the affected side, extending to the midline of the face and head, triggered by stimuli such as cold drafts, chewing, drinking cold liquids, brushing the hair, or washing the face. Called also trigeminal neuralgia.

Treatment. Medical treatment is usually preferred, since surgical correction results in complete loss of sensation in the areas served by the nerve. The drugs employed include trichloroethylene administered by inhalation, niacin, potassium chloride, diethazine, and most recently carbamazepine. When surgery is resorted to, the patient must be watched for signs of corneal infection, which frequently occurs, usually because of loss of the corneal reflex, which normally provides a warning when foreign material or other injurious agents enter the eye. Postoperative instructions must be given so that the patient can take necessary measures for the protection of the eye after discharge from the hospital.
facial tic spasm of the facial muscles.

tri·gem·i·nal neu·ral·gi·a

[MIM*190400]
severe, paroxysmal bursts of pain in one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve; often induced by touching trigger points in or about the mouth.

tic douloureux

(do͞o′lə-ro͞o′)

tri·gem·i·nal neu·ral·gi·a

(trī-jem'i-năl nūr-al'jē-ă)
Severe, paroxysmal bursts of pain in one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve; often induced by touching trigger points in or about the mouth.
Synonym(s): Fothergill disease (1) , Fothergill neuralgia, prosopalgia, prosoponeuralgia, tic douloureux, trifacial neuralgia.

tic douloureux

See TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA.

tri·gem·i·nal neu·ral·gi·a

(trī-jem'i-năl nūr-al'jē-ă) [MIM*190400]
Severe, paroxysmal pain in one or more branches of trigeminal nerve; often induced by touching trigger points in or about the mouth.
Synonym(s): facial neuralgia, tic douloureux.
References in periodicals archive ?
El fue el cirujano de Luis XIV, que realizo equivocadamente en varios pacientes con tic douloureux neurectomias de algunas ramas del tercer par.
We have mentioned tic douloureux and shingles as examples of extraordinarily searing pain, along with several drugs that can help.
Trigeminal neuralgia: microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve for tic douloureux. In: Winn HR, ed: Youman's Neurological Surgery.
A rare cause of severe intractable ear pain is geniculate neuralgia, which is also called tic douloureux of the nervus intermedius.