thyroid cell


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thyroid cell

Any cell characteristic of the thyroid gland, but usually referring to a thyroid follicular cell.
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
The forkhead factor FoxE1 binds to the thyroperoxidase promoter during thyroid cell differentiation and modifies compacted chromatin structure.
In thyroid cells, thyrotropin (TSH) stimulation increases the ER chaperone BIP by enhancing thyroglobulin (Tg) synthesis.
The secreted cytokines result in extensive lymphocytic infiltration, triggering the destruction of thyroid cells [24,36].
Pendrin is an iodide-specific apical porter responsible for iodide efflux from thyroid cells.
Human chorionic gonadotropin stimulates iodide uptake, adenylate cyclase, and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in cultured rat thyroid cells.
Excess iodide alone can be toxic to thyroid cells in culture and cause thyroid hypertrophy and changes in colloid in vivo in the rat model (Capen 1997; Vitale et al.
More recently, we have reported the detection of circulating thyroid cells in whole blood samples of individuals with no known thyroid disease, using a qualitative RT-PCR assay (3).
1996), repeatedly claimed that perchlorate is not internalized by the thyroid cells.
Another option is radioactive iodine, which is taken orally and destroys the overactive thyroid cells.
Anti-TPO antibodies are cytotoxic and they damage the thyroid cells by different types of mechanisms like complement activation and antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity.
3] It is an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid gland is infiltrated by lymphocytes which attack and destroy the functioning thyroid cells called thyrocytes.
February 2, 2017 -- Researchers here have discovered an efficient new way to generate thyroid cells, known as thyrocytes, using genetically modified embryonic stem cells.