thyroid cartilage


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cartilage

 [kahr´tĭ-lij]
a specialized, fibrous connective tissue present in adults, and forming most of the temporary skeleton in the embryo, providing a model in which most of the bones develop, and constituting an important part of the organism's growth mechanism; the three most important types are hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Also, a general term for a mass of such tissue in a particular site in the body.
 Involvement of joint and cartilage in osteoarthritis. From ARHP Arthritis Teaching Slide Collection, American College of Rheumatology.
alar c's the cartilages of the wings of the nose.
aortic cartilage the second costal cartilage on the right side.
arthrodial cartilage (articular cartilage) that lining the articular surfaces of synovial joints.
arytenoid c's two pyramid-shaped cartilages of the larynx.
connecting cartilage that connecting the surfaces of an immovable joint.
costal cartilage a bar of hyaline cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum in the case of true ribs, or to the immediately above rib in the case of the upper false ribs.
cricoid cartilage a ringlike cartilage forming the lower and back part of the larynx.
diarthrodial cartilage articular cartilage.
elastic cartilage cartilage that is more opaque, flexible, and elastic than hyaline cartilage, and is further distinguished by its yellow color. The ground substance is penetrated in all directions by frequently branching fibers that give all of the reactions for elastin.
ensiform cartilage xiphoid process.
fibrous cartilage fibrocartilage.
floating cartilage a detached portion of semilunar cartilage in the knee joint.
hyaline cartilage flexible, somewhat elastic, semitransparent cartilage with an opalescent bluish tint, composed of a basophilic fibril-containing substance with cavities in which the chondrocytes occur.
 Hyaline cartilage. The matrix nearest the chondrocytes is intensely staining; although the matrix appears homogeneous, collagen fibrils may be visualized by polarized light or electron microscopy. From Dorland's, 2000.
Meckel's cartilage the ventral cartilage of the first branchial arch.
permanent cartilage cartilage that does not normally become ossified.
Reichert's cartilage the dorsal cartilage of the second branchial arch.
reticular cartilage elastic cartilage.
semilunar cartilage one of the two interarticular cartilages of the knee joint.
temporary cartilage cartilage that is normally destined to be replaced by bone.
thyroid cartilage the shield-shaped cartilage of the larynx, underlying the laryngeal prominence on the surface of the neck.
vomeronasal cartilage either of the two narrow strips of cartilage, one on each side, of the nasal septum supporting the vomeronasal organ.
yellow cartilage elastic cartilage.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

thy·roid car·ti·lage

[TA]
the largest of the cartilages of the larynx; it is formed of two approximately quadrilateral plates (laminae) joined anteriorly at an angle of from 90-20°, the prominence so formed constituting the laryngeal prominence (Adam's apple).
Synonym(s): cartilago thyroidea [TA]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

thyroid cartilage

n.
The largest cartilage of the larynx, having two broad processes that join anteriorly to form the Adam's apple.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

thy·roid car·ti·lage

(thī'royd kahr'ti-lăj) [TA]
The largest of the cartilages of the larynx; it is formed of two approximately quadrilateral plates joined anteriorly at an angle of from 90-120°, the prominence so formed constituting the laryngeal prominence.
Synonym(s): cartilago thyroidea [TA] .
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

thyroid cartilage

The largest of the cartilages of the LARYNX, consisting of two backward-sloping, broad processes joined in front to form the protuberance in the neck known popularly as the Adam's apple.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(11) reported that the descent of the ebSLN over the thyroid cartilage during the development of the larynx results in the formation of the foramen.
Severely calcified thyroid cartilage can be also easily overcome with a drill to create a stitch canal from outside the larynx.
Our patient underwent a thyroid cartilage window approach, which is a modification approach of the thyroplasty type 1 that is usually used for medialization of the vocal cords.
Klosek & Rungruang analyzed the level of CB in relation with the cervical vertebrae (particularly C4), thyroid cartilage, and angle of mandible.
The lower layer of the platysma was cut through, and subplatysmal flap dissection was performed from the sternal notch to the level of the thyroid cartilage superiorly.
Disruption of the anterior commissure is of particular importance, as it implies avulsion of the vocal ligaments from the thyroid cartilage. This injury necessitates suturing of the anterior vocal ligament to the thyroid perichondrium to restore the normal scaphoid shape of the glottis (Table 2).
(46) In this case, the cricoid and thyroid cartilages were severely abraded during a difficult thyroidectomy that required placement of a tracheostomy.
He had suffered a brain haemorrhage, fractures to the left and right jaw, a fracture to the thyroid cartilage and other bodily injuries all caused by blunt force trauma.
In 100 (99%) cases of hanging, the ligature mark was incompletely encircling the neck, oblique, and above thyroid cartilage. Breadth of the ligature mark was observed in maximum number of cases [i.e., 54 (51.43%)] [Table 4].
The superior surface of the thyroid cartilage was completely exposed and the cut extended laterally to the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid bilaterally.
The autopsy also showed that Abu Ein also suffered from a wounding to his front teeth, bruises on the tongue, neck, from both right and left sides, and further bruises on the thyroid cartilage. The results revealed traces of teargas.
What is the popular name for the thyroid cartilage? 9.