A horizontal skin-crease incision is made at the thyrohyoid
membrane level from the medial border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle to the midline of the neck.
It also shows that all the findings on delivering SES with electrodes placed on the thyrohyoid
hint at the stimulation of the ISLN and not the direct conduction of the current to the vocal cords or the recurrent nerve.
There was tenderness to pressure over the left thyrohyoid
The artery was apparently that branch of the superior thyroid, which is stated to accompany the internal laryngeal nerve, but which really enters the larynx through the thyrohyoid
membrane on a lower plane quite close to the thyroid cartilage.
The tract courses posterior to the common or internal carotid artery, anterior to the vagus nerve, and pierces the thyrohyoid
used electrodes placed ipsilaterally and vertically, in parallel alignment along the thyrohyoid
membrane (Watson, et al.
at the hyoid or thyrohyoid
membrane) may predict difficult laryngoscopy.
Important dynamic stabilizers consist of the sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, strap muscles (sternohyoid, sternothyroid, thyrohyoid
, and the omohyoid), and paraspinal muscles.
Superior laryngeal (SL) neuralgia is paroxysmal pain above the thyrohyoid
Generally superior horns of thyrohyoid
membrane was then divided in the midline and thyroid cartilage was split at ridge only.
9) Fourth BCCs are generally sinus tracts or fistulas and arise from the pyriform sinus, pierce the thyrohyoid
membrane, and descend along the tracheoesophageal groove.