Approach for Vocal Fold Augmentation, Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology (2006), 115(9):699-702
The tract courses posterior to the common or internal carotid artery, anterior to the vagus nerve, and pierces the thyrohyoid
used electrodes placed ipsilaterally and vertically, in parallel alignment along the thyrohyoid
membrane (Watson, et al.
Those that extend through the thyrohyoid
membrane, but with dilation of only the extralaryngeal component are termed external.
The superior location lies between the superior and middle pharyngeal constrictor in the area of the inferior pole of the tonsil and the side of the vallecula; the inferior location is situated between the middle and inferior constrictor and the thyrohyoid
Some tumors maybe large enough to herniate through the thyrohyoid
membrane and present as a neck mass.
The pathwaystarts at the piriform sinus and pierces the thyrohyoid
The tract terminates by piercing the lateral thyrohyoid
membrane at the piriform sinus.
The tract pierces the posterolateral thyrohyoid
membrane and enters the piriform sinus more anterior and cranial than does the fourth branchial fistula?
The vocal fold was medialized with an inferiorly based thyrohyoid
muscle flap, and an arytenoid adduction was performed through the laryngotomy window.
The internal laryngocele remains within the larynx, whereas the external type extends through the thyrohyoid
membrane into the neck and presents as a neck mass.
4) There are four general types of thyroglossal duct based on location: thyrohyoid