thyroglossal cyst


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to thyroglossal cyst: Sistrunk procedure

thyroglossal cyst

Thyrolingual cyst A fluid-filled space present at birth at the midline of the neck, resulting from an incomplete closure of the thyroglossal duct which normally closes before birth

thyroglossal cyst

A cyst formed within remnants of the THYROGLOSSAL DUCT.

thyroglossal

pertaining to the thyroid and tongue.

thyroglossal cyst
developmental abnormality near the site of the thyroid diverticulum; may exist as a subepiglottic cyst, surrounded by thyroid follicular cells, embedded in the root of tongue; may cause inspiratory dyspnea and exercise intolerance.
thyroglossal duct
vestigial canal of the epithelial outgrowth from the floor of the pharynx that develops into the thyroid gland. Parts of the duct and accessory thyroid tissue derived from it may become cystic or undergo neoplastic transformation.

Patient discussion about thyroglossal cyst

Q. what are the risks of surgical removal of the cyst in acase of 5 years old girl with Thyroglossal Duct Cyst?

A. every surgery procedure has some risks, but while doing a Sistrunk (that procedure) the Doctor weigh the pro's and con's.
the possible complications for that procedure are:
* Excessive bleeding.
* Surgical-wound infection.
* Inadvertent injury to larynx (rare).

which are not so harsh... all of them manageable (if they actually do happen- not very common), and the operating Dr. took them in consideration.
i know it's scary buy don't worry :)

More discussions about thyroglossal cyst
References in periodicals archive ?
One case of thyroglossal cyst diagnosed in FNAC was diagnosed as same on histopathological examination.
In this study, two cases were diagnosed as thyroglossal cyst by FNAC, which were confirmed by histopathological examination [Table 2].
The third possibility considered was a primary squamous cell carcinoma of a thyroglossal cyst.
Ultrasonography of the neck confirmed the long-standing thyroglossal cyst and the absence of other neck nodes.
Less common pathologic conditions which can give rise to swelling in this region are due to thyroglossal cyst, branchial cyst, epidermal cyst and soft tissue tumors.
On CT, a thyroglossal cyst usually appears as a smooth, well-circumscribed mass at any point along the course of the thyroglossal duct.
INTRODUCTION: Thyroglossal cyst is a benign condition, neo-plastic changes within Thyroglossal cyst is however rare and only a few cases have been reported in medical literature.
TABLE 5: COMPARISON OF B-MODE DIAGNOSIS WITH FNAC Thyroid Pathologies B-Mode FNAC False False Sensitivity Positive Negative Thyroglossal cyst 2 2 -- -- 100% Simple Goitre 5 5 -- -- 100% Solitary Thyroid 2 4 -- 2 50% Nodule Multinodular Goitre 25 27 3 5 75% Adenoma 11 11 3 3 78.
There were 4 cases of colloid cyst while one case of thyroglossal cyst.
It is thus very important to differentiate between various other congenital anomalies like ranula, cystic hygroma, thyroglossal cyst from dermoid cyst.
Thyroglossal cyst was seen in 2 cases, colloid goiter was seen in 6 cases, graves' disease in 2 cases and inflammatory thyroiditis (Figure 3) in 10 cases.