thujone


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Related to thujone: wormwood, absinthe

thu·jone

(thū'jōn),
Chief constituent of cedar leaf oil; a stimulant and convulsant similar to camphor.

thujone

(tho͞o′jōn′, thyo͞o′-)
n.
A ketone, C10H16O, that is thought to be a neurotoxin and is found in certain plants such as the wormwood Artemisia absinthium, an ingredient in absinthe.

thujone

Pharmacognosy
A ketone and a monoterpene found in nature in alpha and beta forms, which is present in the leaves of cedars (Thuja occidentalis) and many other plants (e.g., junipers, mugwort, oregano, common sage, tansy, wormwood). It acts on GABA and 5HT3 receptors and has been used topically. In contrast to popular belief, the spirit absinthe contains only minute amounts of thujone, which has long been held responsible for absinthe’s alleged psychedelic effects.

Toxicity
Internal ingestion is associated with convulsions.
References in periodicals archive ?
33) Another component of the used extract is thujone, with well-known neuroprotective effects.
Thujone (trans), [gamma]-terpinene, nerol and myrtenol inhibited all tested bacteria in wide range of MICs (1-50 [micro]L/mL).
Thujone, whose latin name is Artemisia absinthium, is a toxin extracted from wormwood plants that some EU lawmakers worry is too harmful, especially in higher concentrations.
Ada cayinin damitilmasiyla elde edilen ada cayi yaginin, thujone, camphor ve cineole icerdigi, bu maddelerin epileptojenik ozellik tasidigi ve deneysel bir calismada diger bitkisel ilaclarla karsilastirildiginda cok daha dusuk dozlarda konvulziyonla belirgin zehirlenme tablolarina neden oldugu bildirilmistir (7).
The sell: Made using 100% Moravian corn to create a "subtle sweetness" and infused with thujone extracted from hand-picked wormwood, Babicka Vodka will "appeal to the discerning drinker".
18) Screening for metals was conducted using semi-quantitative inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) (17, 19) The absinthe from Switzerland was quantitatively analyzed for thujone.
from 1912 until 2007, when the Food and Drug Administration began permitting formulations with minimal amounts of thujone, a psychoactive chemical in wormwood.
The high alcohol content of the drink as well as the presence of the hallucinogenic thujone has seen this drink widely banned.
48%, thus showing low contents of thujone, camphor and 1,8-cineole (Table 5), corroborating the work of Foray et al.
Don)) is mainly caused by the presence of antimicrobial compounds, notably thujone and thujaplicin, in the heartwood.
The thujone molecule in one of its key ingredients, wormwood, is said to cause hallucinations and brain damage.