This muscle is drawn and separated from the chest wall, and the point where thoracodorsal
vessels enter the muscle is found.
The innervation of the lower and middle fasciculus was by branches of the thoracodorsal
nerve, while the innervation of the upper fascicle could not be determined.
The latissimus dorsi muscle derives dual blood supply from the thoracodorsal
branch of the subscapular artery and the posterior paraspinous perforators.
Axillary dissection may lead to damage to the thoracodorsal
, long thoracic, intercostobrachial nerves and axillary soft tissue, which causes acute and chronic postoperative pain after mastectomy (10, 11).
nerve was reserved in case of LD muscle atrophy.
Surgical treatment of severe hidradenitis suppurativa of the axilla: thoracodorsal
artery perforator (TDAP) flap versus split skin graft.
neurovascular pedicle is one of the most reliable units available8.
 Oliveira et al have suggested thoracodorsal
fasciocutaneous flap cover the axillary defect.
axial flap was chosen to repair the defect.
The latissimus dorsi muscle was completely separated from its humeral insertion, and the thoracodorsal
nerve was transected.
and caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern flaps in cats.
Although deprived of its thoracodorsal
pedicle, our flap was considered viable owing not only to the impressive size of the aforementioned vascular anastomotic loop but also to the pulsatile bleeding pattern witnessed after detaching its distal fibres.