In our study the predominant plant involved was yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana) the toxic components being thevetin
, thevetoxin, etc.
PHARMACOLOGICAL ASPECTS: Toxins identified: Cerberin (Monoacetyl neriifolin), Cerberoside, Odollin, Odollotoxin, Thevetin
, Cerapain, 17-alpha neriifolin, 17-beta neriifolin, Tanghinin, Deacetyl tanghinin.
2005) confirmed the presence of Cardiotonic glycoside Neeriifolin' which has insecticidal property and Thevetin
that work as heart stimulant.
cerebrin, (Apocynaceae) neriifolin, thevetin
Xanthium Entire plant when Carboxytractylo- strumarium L.
Although these patients recovered from cardiac glycoside poisonings following antidotal and supportive therapies, approximately 2,000 deaths occur each year in Sri Lanka following intentional self-poisoning with yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana) seeds, which contain two highly cardiotoxic thevetin
Several glycosides have been extracted from various parts of Thevetia peruviana plant, with the major one being thevetin
Similarly, yellow oleander which contains a poison called thevetin
also possesses cardiac glycosides, which is deadly for human beings and most mammals," he said.