In summary, ectothermic organisms living at high altitudes overcome the limitations of their environments, such as hypoxia, with structural modifications that allow them to not only exchange gases more easily but also to thermoregulate
more efficiently in low temperature environments.
Other species of coastal elasmobranchs have shown similar movements between different temperatures to behaviorally thermoregulate
(Hight and Lowe 2007; Farrugia et al.
This result demonstrates that Arbacia stellata was able to thermoregulate
in the gradient, selecting advantageous temperatures available within the mosaics of environmental conditions that were offered.
However, most migrants have increased muscle mass from migrating, which allows for increased ability to thermoregulate
in colder conditions .
Avian sunbathing can function in collecting heat to thermoregulate
(Clade, 1973; Clark and Ohmart, 1985; Clayton et al., 2010), drying wet feathers (Clark and Ohmart, 1985; Clayton et al., 2010), and shedding ectoparasites (Blem and Blem 1993, 2000; Moyer and Wagenbach, 1995; Clayton et al., 2010).
"This research combines theory for leaf energy flows with globally distributed temperature data for diverse plant taxa to show that leaves generally do not match air temperature, but instead thermoregulate
," said Sean Michaletz, a plant ecologist at Los Alamos National Laboratory, which led the study.
Some specialists consider this behavior as an attempt to thermoregulate
and increase the body temperature above the thermal limit of E.
Another hypothesis addresses the insulating effect of rocks on moderating temperature fluctuations, which can help rodents to thermoregulate
properly (see review in Nutt, 2007).
As long as the neonatal piglets stay close to the sow within the nest, they are able to thermoregulate
and occupy space for suckling milk properly (Wischner et al., 2009).
"The only way dogs have to thermoregulate
their bodies is panting, which is air flow over the respiratory system.
Although men and women thermoregulate
internal temperature in a similar manner, key sex differences exist in how they respond to heat.
Like many large decapod crustaceans, American lobsters are highly mobile and thermoregulate
behaviorally by moving into areas with water temperatures they find preferable and away from areas with temperatures they find aversive (Reynolds and Casterlin, 1979; Crossin et al, 1998; Jury and Watson, 2000, 2013).