A procedure in which the application of heat shrinks the collagen of the corneal stroma and flattens the cornea in the area of heat application. This tends to make the eye less myopic. See: refractive keratoplasty.
[thermo- + G. keras, horn, + plassō, to form]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Contact lens wearing, intracorneal ring segment implantation, thermokeratoplasty procedures, cornea transplant, and corneal collagen cross-linking have been described as treatment alternatives to manage such a pathological condition [6-11].
Corneal refractive surgery includes laser eye surgery (LES) involving corneal ablation by excimer laser; corneal addition procedures such as intracorneal ring segments and epikeratophakia; corneal relaxation procedures such as radial keratotomy (RK), arcuate keratotomy (AK) limbal relaxing incisions; and thermokeratoplasty. Intraocular refractive procedures include clear lens exchange and phakic intraocular lens implantation.
Regarding the infrared radiation by a laser used for thermokeratoplasty, Manns et al.
Culbertson, "Semianalytical thermal model for subablative laser heating of homogeneous nonperfused biological tissue: Application to laser thermokeratoplasty," J.
Ng, "A boundary element model of the human eye undergoing laser thermokeratoplasty," Comput.
In 19 articles, contributors describe developments in thermokeratoplasty, the mechanism of CK and its historic effects, patient evaluation and work-up, personal CK techniques, clinical study results, complications management and alternative applications for CK such as treatment following cataract or LASIK surgery.
Gasset, "Thermokeratoplasty (TKP) temperature profile," Investigative Ophthalmology, vol.