Contact lens wearing, intracorneal ring segment implantation, thermokeratoplasty
procedures, cornea transplant, and corneal collagen cross-linking have been described as treatment alternatives to manage such a pathological condition [6-11].
Corneal refractive surgery includes laser eye surgery (LES) involving corneal ablation by excimer laser; corneal addition procedures such as intracorneal ring segments and epikeratophakia; corneal relaxation procedures such as radial keratotomy (RK), arcuate keratotomy (AK) limbal relaxing incisions; and thermokeratoplasty
. Intraocular refractive procedures include clear lens exchange and phakic intraocular lens implantation.
Regarding the infrared radiation by a laser used for thermokeratoplasty, Manns et al.
Culbertson, "Semianalytical thermal model for subablative laser heating of homogeneous nonperfused biological tissue: Application to laser thermokeratoplasty," J.
Ng, "A boundary element model of the human eye undergoing laser thermokeratoplasty," Comput.
In 19 articles, contributors describe developments in thermokeratoplasty
, the mechanism of CK and its historic effects, patient evaluation and work-up, personal CK techniques, clinical study results, complications management and alternative applications for CK such as treatment following cataract or LASIK surgery.
(TKP) temperature profile," Investigative Ophthalmology, vol.