While keeping to a single topic, Nicander's organization of his material in the Theriaca obviates a harmonious relationship between instruction and delight.
The Theriaca makes its venomous creatures into Homeric heroes; Oppian's Halieutica, and pseudo-Oppian's Cynegetica, make nonhuman animals the subjects of epic and tragic action.
Jacques 2002, lxviii, Ixxxvi, cxv on the poeticity of Nicander's "radical didactic poetry" with respect to its sources, and the poet's ambition to confound contemporary readers whose taste was limited to the classics with the "reality poetry" of the Theriaca.
Overduin provides students, academics, and researchers with the first full literary commentary on the Theriaca
, focusing on the artistic merits of Nicander and placing the work in the context of Alexandrian aesthetics and the didactic epic tradition.
45, reads: "Andarurkahas." On Andromachus maior, personal physician of Nero, and his son Andromachus, see Ullmann, Medezin, 323-34; Lutz Richter-Bernburg, Eine arabische Version der pseudogalenischen Schrift De Theriaca
ad Pisonem (Ph.D.
To judge from the paraphrase of Antoninus Liberalis, the Heteroeumena concentrated on transformations which produced a surviving local landmark, combining metamorphosis with aetiology.(21) Michael certainly possessed a text of Nicander, and shows detailed knowledge of the Theriaca;(22) perhaps his manuscript contained other Nicandrean poems as well.(23) And there were, of course, other transformation poems, e.g.
25], read the Nicandrean Theriaca which were beyond the range [[GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], perhaps from Sophocles, OT 111] of ordinary eyes, and made a copy, hunting down the reptiles as not even a deer can do [Nicander, Ther.
The longest, Theriaca
, is a hexameter poem of 958 lines on the nature of venomous animals and the wounds they inflict.
Nicander of Colophon and Galen both record that Attalus' research also encompassed poisonous animals, and the unique data on the sea hare (Aplysia depilans) suggests the links between Nicander's Theriaca
and Alexipharmaca to Attalus' research, and in company with Galen's later comments, the fame attained by the king with drugs named fittingly 'Attalids'.
13 An even more imposing parallel than the one cited by Zuntz (Euripides, Electra 498) is Nicander, Theriaca
69, [GREEK TEXT OMITTED], of tufted thyme 'always provided with leaves'.