therapeutic misconception

therapeutic misconception

(mis″kŏn-sep′shŏn)
The mistaken impression held by patients enrolled in medical research trials that the research in which they are participating will be beneficial to them personally, i.e., that the investigation gives them their last best hope of a cure.
References in periodicals archive ?
The introduction to certain topics like sanctity of life, informed consent, privacy and confidentiality, pharma-physician interactions and therapeutic misconception etc.
[11] An inability to fully understand the difference between research and clinical practice is termed therapeutic misconception. Participants may conflate research participation with receiving 'cutting-edge' care, with the unwarranted belief or hope of benefit.
Barsdorf said that the research team had addressed the issue of therapeutic misconception (i.e.
Therapeutic misconception was defined as misconception to believe that the primary purpose of clinical trial is treatment".
Therapeutic misconception is based on the confusion between the aims of research and those of individualized medical treatment (9).
Eight studies from a 2011 conference of the Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease examine such topics as deep brain stimulation for movement and other neurological disorders, transcranial magnetic stimulation on the modulation of gamma oscillations in schizophrenia, increasing the validity of experimental models for depression, moving towards a generalizable application of central thelamic deep brain stimulation to support the regulation of forebrain arousal in the severely injured brain, and the ethics of research on deep brain stimulation for depression: decisional capacity and therapeutic misconception. The proceedings are not indexed.
It is argued in this paper that, as a result of the publicity of medical male circumcision in HIV prevention through the media, men from non-circumcising societies could seek medical male circumcision and be tempted to ignore the use of condoms through therapeutic misconception. (32) Therapeutic misconception happens when the positive effect of medical male circumcision advertisements and publicity results in participants overestimating the benefits of medical male circumcision and underestimating HIV infection risk.
He explains how each of these conditions may be satisfied and applies his account to specific bioethics problems, such as the therapeutic misconception and the exploitation of subjects in biomedical research.
Ethics SIG: Therapeutic Misconception and Cancer Clinical Trials
This is known as the "therapeutic misconception," and social workers need to help parents understand that projects testing new interventions offer no guaranteed cure.
In both cases above, what has happened is an example of the therapeutic misconception. This paper will examine the roots of the misconception, current research and commentary about it, and will address a means to prevent researchers from making the same conceptual error patients have been documented as making.
While the distinction between trials of clinical interventions and other research is coherent, it is disputed whether this ought to be labelled a distinction between "therapeutic" and "non-therapeutic" research, and whether the "therapeutic" component ought to be described as "offering some possibility of personal benefit for the research participant." The terminology has been criticized for its perpetration of the therapeutic misconception. (25) In all clinical research, the primary beneficiaries are future patients, and it is misleading to call administration of an unproven intervention a "therapeutic" act.
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