theobromine


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theobromine

 [the″o-bro´min]
an alkaloid prepared from dried ripe seed of the tropical American tree Theobroma cacao, or made synthetically from xanthine; used as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, vasodilator, and smooth muscle relaxant; available as theobromine calcium salicylate, theobromine sodium formate, theobromine sodium salicylate, and theobromine salicylate.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

the·o·bro·mine

(thē'ō-brō'mēn),
An alkaloid resembling caffeine and theophylline in its action and chemical structure, prepared from the dried ripe seed of Theobroma cacao or made synthetically; formerly used widely as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, dilator of coronary arteries, and smooth muscle relaxant. Compounds with calcium gluconate, calcium salicylate, sodium acetate, sodium lactate, and sodium salicylate have been listed.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

theobromine

(thē′ō-brō′mēn′)
n.
A bitter, colorless alkaloid, C7H8N4O2, present in cacao beans and in smaller amounts in tea leaves, kola nuts, and other plant parts, and used in medicine as a diuretic, vasodilator, and myocardial stimulant.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

theobromine

An alkaloid obtained from Theobroma cacao, the chocolate plant, which is similar to caffeine
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Theb: theobromine (RT 3.8 min), Par: paraxanthine (RT 4.8 min), Theo: theophylline (RT 5.5 min), IS: 7-[beta]-(hydroxyethyl)theophylline (RT 7.0 min), and caffeine (RT 12 min).
"Although theobromine is harmless to people, it's poisonous to dogs.
Theophylline and theobromine are the metabolites of caffeine and also could be used as independent pharmaceutical substances.
Ingestion of too much theobromine in pets can result in severe clinical side-effects, especially if left untreated.
The amount of the theobromine used in the trial was a single dose of 1,000mg.
Whilst the flavonoids have been the focus of the most interest in the past, there is increasing interest in theobromine, particularly as studies of cocoa extracts containing this bioactive compound have yielded much more positive results (on HDL levels) than those using theobromine-free preparations.
Choffy contains no sugar, dairy or chemicals, yet according to the manufacturer, maintains the health benefits of cacao including antioxidants, Theobromine, improved circulation and "feel great" properties.
E William Danby of Dartmouth Medical School in Hanover, N.H., suggested the investigators take a dose look at theobromine. Chocolate contains theobromine, a bitter-tasting isomer of theophyiline with a variety of physiologic effects, and 100% cacao presumably carries an exceptional theobromine load.
Tied Cottage was an eight-length winner of the 1980 Gold Cup but was later disqualified because of traces of prohibited substances theobromine and caffeine at a level later deemed allowable.
The product also contains ChocoMind (from Theobroma cacao), a patent-pending extract high in theobromine, which has been shown to affect cognitive and motor functions, including reaction time.
Theobromine is a blood vessel widener and heart stimulant found in chocolate.