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an alkaloid prepared from dried ripe seed of the tropical American tree Theobroma cacao, or made synthetically from xanthine; used as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, vasodilator, and smooth muscle relaxant; available as theobromine calcium salicylate, theobromine sodium formate, theobromine sodium salicylate, and theobromine salicylate.
An alkaloid resembling caffeine and theophylline in its action and chemical structure, prepared from the dried ripe seed of Theobroma cacao or made synthetically; formerly used widely as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, dilator of coronary arteries, and smooth muscle relaxant. Compounds with calcium gluconate, calcium salicylate, sodium acetate, sodium lactate, and sodium salicylate have been listed.
A bitter, colorless alkaloid, C7H8N4O2, present in cacao beans and in smaller amounts in tea leaves, kola nuts, and other plant parts, and used in medicine as a diuretic, vasodilator, and myocardial stimulant.