theobromine


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theobromine

 [the″o-bro´min]
an alkaloid prepared from dried ripe seed of the tropical American tree Theobroma cacao, or made synthetically from xanthine; used as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, vasodilator, and smooth muscle relaxant; available as theobromine calcium salicylate, theobromine sodium formate, theobromine sodium salicylate, and theobromine salicylate.

the·o·bro·mine

(thē'ō-brō'mēn),
An alkaloid resembling caffeine and theophylline in its action and chemical structure, prepared from the dried ripe seed of Theobroma cacao or made synthetically; formerly used widely as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, dilator of coronary arteries, and smooth muscle relaxant. Compounds with calcium gluconate, calcium salicylate, sodium acetate, sodium lactate, and sodium salicylate have been listed.

theobromine

(thē′ō-brō′mēn′)
n.
A bitter, colorless alkaloid, C7H8N4O2, present in cacao beans and in smaller amounts in tea leaves, kola nuts, and other plant parts, and used in medicine as a diuretic, vasodilator, and myocardial stimulant.

theobromine

[thē′əbrō′min]
a substance (methylxanthine) that is related chemically to caffeine and theophylline but differs from them by the number and distribution of methyl groups. Theobromine occurs naturally in cocoa, cola nuts, and tea. It acts as a diuretic, vasodilator, cardiac stimulant, and smooth muscle relaxant.

theobromine

An alkaloid obtained from Theobroma cacao, the chocolate plant, which is similar to caffeine

theobromine

an alkaloid prepared from dried ripe seed of the tropical American tree Theobroma cacao; or made synthetically from xanthine; used as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, vasodilator and smooth muscle relaxant; available as theobromine calcium salicylate, sodium formate, sodium salicylate and salicylate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although theobromine is harmless to people, it's poisonous to dogs.
Ingestion of too much theobromine in pets can result in severe clinical side-effects, especially if left untreated.
The amount of the theobromine used in the trial was a single dose of 1,000mg.
Whilst the flavonoids have been the focus of the most interest in the past, there is increasing interest in theobromine, particularly as studies of cocoa extracts containing this bioactive compound have yielded much more positive results (on HDL levels) than those using theobromine-free preparations.
Chocolate contains caffeine and theobromine, stimulants that can provide a burst of energy.
Choffy contains no sugar, dairy or chemicals, yet according to the manufacturer, maintains the health benefits of cacao including antioxidants, Theobromine, improved circulation and "feel great" properties.
Chocolate contains theobromine, a bitter-tasting isomer of theophyiline with a variety of physiologic effects, and 100% cacao presumably carries an exceptional theobromine load.
Tied Cottage was an eight-length winner of the 1980 Gold Cup but was later disqualified because of traces of prohibited substances theobromine and caffeine at a level later deemed allowable.
The product also contains ChocoMind (from Theobroma cacao), a patent-pending extract high in theobromine, which has been shown to affect cognitive and motor functions, including reaction time.
Theobromine is a blood vessel widener and heart stimulant found in chocolate.
The researchers believe that the polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), along with the methyl-xanthines caffeine and theobromine that are present in white tea, are responsible for the effects observed in the current study.