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bendsA clinical complex caused by rapid whole-body decompression, with acute intravascular “boiling” of nitrogen and resultant morbidity (and mortality) in scuba divers and high-altitude pilots or workers in high-pressure environments (e.g., caissons) in chronic decompression sickness.
Headache, nausea, vomiting, vertigo, tinnitus, dyspnoea, tachypnoea, joint and abdominal pain; nitrogen gas in the brain causes air bubbles in meningeal vessels separating the blood “column”, convulsions, shock and possibly death.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
the 'chokes'Sudden onset of respiratory distress in caisson's disease, which is associated with pulmonary edema, hemorrhage, atelectasis, and emphysema; the 'chokes' may be due to an ↑ in platelet adhesion to gas bubbles that release vasoconstrictors, platelet factor 3, causing coagulopathy. See the Bends, Caisson's disease.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.