The major types of feed flavors & sweeteners available in the market include thaumatin
, aniseed, citrus, milky vanilla, red fruits, glycyrrhicine, saccharine, thaumatin
, and others.
Pathogenesis-related PR5 proteins are known as thaumatin-like proteins (TLP) due to their amino acid sequence homology with thaumatin
and have been isolated from a number of crop plants such as wheat, corn, rice, and soybeans [6, 7].
Bol, "A tobacco mosaic virus-induced tobacco protein is homologous to the sweet-tasting protein thaumatin
," Nature, vol.
daniellii was obtained at the fruit receiving station of the thaumatin
extraction plant at Samartex Timber and Plywood Company, Samreboi, Ghana.
Artificial Sugars sweeteners D-amino acids Sweet proteins Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: * sucrose * saccharin * D-alanine * monellin * fructose * aspartame * D-phenylalanine * curculin * glucose * neotame * D-serine * thaumatin
* maltose * sucralose Found in: Found in: Found in: Found in: * aged cheese * serendipity * fruits * candy * aged meat berry * milk * breakfast * Curculigo * pasta bars latifolia * honey * canned berries fruits * Thaumatococcus * soft daniellii drinks berries SOURCE: J.CHANDRASHEKAR ET AL./NATURE 2006
For macromolecular crystals (canavalin, thaumatin
and lipase), hollow cores are observed in some cases (Kutnetsov, et al., 1999 and Land, et al., 1995) and not observed in other cases due to the small value of the elastic energy associated with the dislocation (e.g.
This transposes to THAUMATIN
, either or both of two related sweet-tasting proteins isolated from the fruit of the African plant Thaumatococcus daniellii (OED Online).
"There is a significant industry trend to find alternatives to synthetic sweeteners, led by companies like Whole Foods," said Paul Altaffer, vice president of business and product development at RFI Ingredients, Blauvelt, NY, which supplies Talin, an all-natural flavor enhancer derived from the West African thaumatin
Purification and characterization of tobacco pathogenesis-related protein PR-5d, an antifungal thaumatin
is a mixture of sweet-tasting proteins from a West African fruit.
Particularly, they showed two of the BPH QTLs colocalizing with candidate genes such as thaumatin
and dihydrofolate reductase thymidylate synthase.