tetraplegia

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Related to tetraplegics: quadriplegia, quadriplegic

quadriplegia

 [kwod″rĭ-ple´jah]
paralysis of all four limbs; motor and/or sensory function in the cervical spinal segments is impaired or lost due to damage to that part of the spinal cord, resulting in impaired function in the upper limbs, lower limbs, trunk, and pelvic organs. This term does not include conditions due to brachial plexus lesions or to injuries of peripheral nerves outside the spinal canal. Called also tetraplegia. adj., adj quadriple´gic.
Patient Care. The quadriplegic patient has major sensory and motor deficits and is therefore subject to the many problems associated with immobility and loss of sensation. (See hazards of immobility.) The immediate goal of care is the prevention of complications that can affect all body systems, and maintenance of the integrity of the body systems so that optimum rehabilitation can be achieved. The extent to which the patient may eventually achieve mobility in a wheelchair and some degree of independence is greatly affected by the caliber of care received and the motivation and drive of the individual patient.

Mechanical devices such as braces are helpful in compensating for the loss of muscular function. physical therapy procedures and techniques and occupational therapy are essential aspects of patient care and are vital to the attainment of the goals of rehabilitation. (See also paraplegia.)

Patient education is especially important to the long-range goal of prevention of serious complications. Patients and their families should be aware of the early signs and symptoms of breakdown of the skin (pressure ulcer), fecal impaction, a developing infection, and urinary difficulties. As with any type of long-term care, these patients should be medically evaluated periodically and their care should be under the supervision of a visiting nurse. In spite of the many difficulties that may be encountered by paralyzed patients, it is possible for them to lead useful and personally rewarding lives.
Quadriplegia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

qua·dri·ple·gi·a

(kwah'dri-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia
[quadri- + G. plēgē, stroke]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

tetraplegia

(tĕt′rə-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
tet′ra·ple′gic adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

tetraplegia

Quadriplegia. Paralysis of all four limbs.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
An EMG-controlled grasping system for tetraplegics. J Rehabil Res Dev.
Promoting functional hand activities is a crucial rehabilitation goal for persons with tetraplegic spinal cord injury (SCI) [1-4].
Tetraplegic cyclists who have benefited from the trust will also take part in the challenge on specialist tricycles.
Both sides of tetraplegics were far away from linearity.
Though two other British tetraplegics hold pilots' licences they were experienced pilots prior to becoming disabled.
It is hoped the event will raise more than pounds 50,000 for equipment to help tetraplegics return to work and take up leisure activities following accidents.
We have many para- and tetraplegics reliant on our help and there is nothing we would like more than to spend a seven-figure sum on research in that area, if we had the money so to do."
* Severity of injury: Tetraplegics were more than twice as likely to be discharged to a nursing home than paraplegics (8 percent vs.
The non-profit organisation has catered for all types of injuries including: tetraplegics, paraplegics, the blind, burns victims and amputees of all descriptions, and also those suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.
The day was organised with the help of the Vale council's Disability Sport Wales development officer, Linda Ruston, who said: "Wheelchair rugby is a team sport for tetraplegics or anybody with an upper limb impairment.
Many ventilator-dependent tetraplegics who control their wheelchairs by the sip 'n puff method would be able to "think" their mobility ways.
These would now include paraplegics, tetraplegics and families that receive a benefit for the blind.