tetraplegia


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Related to tetraplegia: paraplegia

quadriplegia

 [kwod″rĭ-ple´jah]
paralysis of all four limbs; motor and/or sensory function in the cervical spinal segments is impaired or lost due to damage to that part of the spinal cord, resulting in impaired function in the upper limbs, lower limbs, trunk, and pelvic organs. This term does not include conditions due to brachial plexus lesions or to injuries of peripheral nerves outside the spinal canal. Called also tetraplegia. adj., adj quadriple´gic.
Patient Care. The quadriplegic patient has major sensory and motor deficits and is therefore subject to the many problems associated with immobility and loss of sensation. (See hazards of immobility.) The immediate goal of care is the prevention of complications that can affect all body systems, and maintenance of the integrity of the body systems so that optimum rehabilitation can be achieved. The extent to which the patient may eventually achieve mobility in a wheelchair and some degree of independence is greatly affected by the caliber of care received and the motivation and drive of the individual patient.

Mechanical devices such as braces are helpful in compensating for the loss of muscular function. physical therapy procedures and techniques and occupational therapy are essential aspects of patient care and are vital to the attainment of the goals of rehabilitation. (See also paraplegia.)

Patient education is especially important to the long-range goal of prevention of serious complications. Patients and their families should be aware of the early signs and symptoms of breakdown of the skin (pressure ulcer), fecal impaction, a developing infection, and urinary difficulties. As with any type of long-term care, these patients should be medically evaluated periodically and their care should be under the supervision of a visiting nurse. In spite of the many difficulties that may be encountered by paralyzed patients, it is possible for them to lead useful and personally rewarding lives.
Quadriplegia.

qua·dri·ple·gi·a

(kwah'dri-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia
[quadri- + G. plēgē, stroke]

tetraplegia

(tĕt′rə-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
tet′ra·ple′gic adj. & n.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]

tetraplegia

Quadriplegia. Paralysis of all four limbs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Non-HDL-C and total cholesterol: HDL-C were significantly greater in individuals with tetraplegia compared to those with paraplegia.
This case study quantitatively assesses the performance of two human-computer user interfaces by one individual with high tetraplegia: (1) head orientation and (2) EMG from four muscles of the face and neck acquired from an implanted EMG system.
Of the pupils that beneficiated from kinetic physical therapy during their school education, most of them had: epilepsy (12.7 %), followed by spastic tetraplegia (12 %), spastic paraplegia (4.8 %), spastic hemiparesis (3.6 %), chronic infantile encephalopathy (4.2 %), diplegia (2.4 %), hydrocephaly (1.8 %), spina bifida (1.8 %), neurologic crooked leg (3.0 %), microcephaly (0.6 %), tetraplegia (4.2 %), paraplegia (2.4 %) and monoparesis (0.6 %).
At 12 years old, Brianna has been living for the past 9 years with tetraplegia, the result of a spinal cord injury (SCI).
Abstract: A 5-year-old, female golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) was admitted with tetraplegia that progressed to a nonambulatory, spastic tetraparesis after a few days of treatment.
Myelitis caused by NMO often presents as complete transverse myelitis with tetraplegia or paraplegia, a well-defined sensory level and sphincter dysfunction.
GP Dr Robin Davies said pneumonia due to tetraplegia, because of spinal cord injury, was the cause of death.
The cause of death was given as pneumonia due to tetraplegia caused by a spinal injury.
The Tongue Drive System holds promise for patients who have lost the use of their arms and legs, a condition known as tetraplegia or quadriplegia.
Effectiveness of the new technology was tested on a group of tetraplegia patients (people who were paralyzed either by injury or illness) and another group of healthy people.
When stabilizing structures fail in the cervical region, devastating neurologic sequelae can occur, including highlevel tetraplegia. Tetraplegia occurs in 1:10 spinal cord injuries, but results in 80% of direct medical costs of spinal cord injury.
In the case of tetraplegia, both arms and legs are affected," Urology senior consultant Dr Ardalan Abdolghafor Ghafouri stated.