tetracaine


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anesthetic

 [an″es-thet´ik]
1. pertaining to, characterized by, or producing anesthesia.
2. a drug or agent used to abolish the sensation of pain, to achieve adequate muscle relaxation during surgery, to calm fear and allay anxiety, and to produce amnesia for the event.

Inhalational anesthetics are gases or volatile liquids that produce general anesthesia when inhaled. The commonly used inhalational agents are halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, and nitrous oxide. Older agents, such as ether and cyclopropane, are now used infrequently. The mechanism of action of all inhalational anesthetics is thought to involve uptake of the gas in the lipid bilayer of cell membranes and interaction with the membrane proteins, resulting in inhibition of synaptic transmission of nerve impulses. For surgical anesthesia, these agents are usually used with preanesthetic medication, which includes sedatives or opiates to relieve preoperative and postoperative pain and tranquilizers to reduce anxiety. Neuromuscular blocking agents are used as muscle relaxants during surgery. They include tubocurarine, metocurine, succinylcholine, pancuronium, atracurium, and vecuronium.

Intravenous anesthetics are sedative hypnotic drugs that produce anesthesia in large doses. The most common of these are the phenol derivative propofol and ultra–short acting barbiturates such as thiopental and methohexital; these can be used alone for brief surgical procedures or for rapid induction of anesthesia maintained by inhalational anesthetics.

Other intravenous methods of anesthesia are neuroleptanalgesia, which uses a combination of the butyrophenone tranquilizer droperidol and the opioid fentanyl; neuroleptanesthesia, which uses neuroleptanalgesia plus nitrous oxide; and dissociative anesthesia, which uses ketamine, a drug related to the hallucinogens that produces profound analgesia.

Local anesthetics are drugs that block nerve conduction in the region where they are applied. They act by altering permeability of nerve cells to sodium ions and thus blocking conduction of nerve impulses. They may be applied topically or injected into the tissues. The first local anesthetic was cocaine. Synthetic local anesthetics are all given names ending in -caine; examples are procaine and lidocaine.

tetracaine

/tet·ra·caine/ (tet´rah-kān) a local, topical, and spinal anesthetic, used as the base or the hydrochloride salt.

tetracaine

(tĕt′rə-kān′)
n.
A crystalline compound, C15H24N2O2, related to procaine and used in its hydrochloride form as a local anesthetic.

tetracaine

a member of the procaine series of compounds. It is a local and spinal anesthetic used in the form of the hydrochloride salt. Can be administered by local injection but is also useful by topical application to conjunctiva, mucosae and skin. Called also amethocaine.
References in periodicals archive ?
And according to Wong, the group will also study how pressure alters proteins and their interactions with tetracaine.
Several items were obtained and cultured for nontuberculous mycobacteria: a multiuse jar of lidocaine/ tetracaine ointment, a multiuse jar of emollient, a multiuse vial of 1% lidocaine used for nerve blocking, a nonsterile package of gauze used to apply ointments to patients' skin, and a multiuse vial of sodium bicarbonate.
The tonsils and oropharynx were sprayed with benzocaine, aminobenzoate, and tetracaine anesthetic spray twice, separated by 1 minute.
Make lidocaine, epinephrine, and tetracaine gel your choice for pain control when repairing lacerations in children, Dr.
Laboratory studies have described a higher risk of tissue toxicity with the use of bupivacaine > procaine > tetracaine > ropivacaine (22).
Lidocaine/prilocaine or tetracaine creams can be used to reduce the pain of needle insertion for blood tests or intravenous cannula insertion.
Tetracaine hydrochlor 1% (Hopkins & Pearson 2007)
3 liothyronine drug name TAC triamcinolone Mistaken as Use complete tetracaine, drug name Adrenalin, cocaine TNK TNKase Mistaken as TPA Use complete drug name ZnS04 zinc sulfate Mistaken as Use complete morphine sulfate drug name Stemmed Drug Names Intended Meaning Misinterpretation Correction Nitro drip nitroglycerin Mistaken as Use complete infusion sodium drug name nitroprusside infusion Norflox norfloxacin Mistaken as Use complete Norflex drug name I V Vanc intravenous Mistaken as Use complete vancomycin Invanz drug name Symbols Intended Meaning Misinterpretation Correction [?
Finally, tetracaine is also being studied as a topical anesthetic during venipuncture.
Synera Topical Anesthetic Patch (lidocaine 70 mg and tetracaine 70 mg topical patch, Endo Pharmaceuticals)
14) Although our preference is to use tetracaine crystals mixed in 10% dextrose to provide for a hyperbaric solution, isobaric solutions (0.
Benzocaine, dyclonine, lidocaine, and tetracaine are available in solution, gel, or spray formulations.