Villae made up of small parcels of individual property belonging to private landowners were characteristically less clear in their territorial definition beyond the Rhine than further west, where a Roman administrative and tenurial
grid had been the baseline for early medieval development: in the Fulda cartulary the sections dealing with the densely settled middle Rhine region have more defined local units than those concerning our area.
(12) Coexistence of all three tenurial
practices-fixed-rent, pure sharecropping without cost sharing and sharecropping with cost sharing is prevalent in our surveyed villages.
Many contributors to the literature have argued that tenurial
arrangements influence adaptation.
(46) This was in fact one of the conditions that justified the dissolution of tenurial
The agricultural revival following the population collapse in the Black Death and the devastation of the Hundred Years' War had imposed great burdens on the seigneurial class, which had to make expensive tenurial
concessions in order to attract workers back on to their lands.
Shah) am the King of Magarant" (quoted in Gurung, 2001: 19); "Prithvi Narayan Shah gave internal autonomy to Limbu" (Bhattachan, 1995: 137); and "King respected the customs of a country in the tenurial
administration of his possessions" (Burghat, 1996: 238).
Unlike the earlier agrarian reform program initiated in the early 1970s, the CARP covers all agricultural lands, regardless of commodity produced and type of tenurial
arrangement, and includes the provision of support services for farmers.
"The Role of Tenurial
Shells in Ecological Sustainability: Property Rights and Natural Resource Management in Mexico", dans S.
Hindu women's inheritance in tenancy land thus depends on state-level tenurial
laws, which in most northwestern states specify an order of devolution that strongly favors male agnatic heirs.
Such issues include critical JFM policy weaknesses, commitment to CFM, need for procedural, tenurial
and legal changes, and the importance of training and restructuring programs to build capacity for co-management.
The present land tenurial
position in Scotland is, essentially, an anachronism in the modern world, leading to conflicts over the ownership, use, and management of land resources in different localities throughout Scotland.(1) Furthermore, the feudal legal arrangements and relationships associated with the present highly concentrated pattern.
Simpson's A History of Land Law articulates the historical change from "communal rights" of the commons to individual rights, which both made possible and were produced by enclosure: "[t]he tenurial
system converted the villagers [who used the land as common village property] into tenants, and the theory of the law placed the freehold of most of the lands of the manor in the lord....