temporomandibular joint syndrome

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Related to temporomandibular joint syndrome: Temporomandibular joint disorder


pertaining to the temporal bone and mandible.
temporomandibular joint disorder (temporomandibular joint syndrome) dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint, marked by a clicking or grinding sensation in the joint and often by pain in or about the ears, tinnitus, tiredness and slight soreness of the jaw muscles upon waking, and stiffness of the jaw or actual trismus. Numerous causes have been proposed, such as mandibular overclosure, stress, and lesions of the joint. Called also TMJ disorder or syndrome.

Treatment may include medical therapy, dental therapy, or a combination of these. Dental treatment usually involves insertion of a biteplate to prevent the teeth from meeting and grinding against one another. The biteplate relieves pain and promotes muscle relaxation and normal positioning of the mandible, which allows the inflamed joint to rest and heal. Once the inflammation has subsided and normal neuromuscular function returns, the dentist may attempt to correct malocclusion. Medical therapy may include local heat applications to improve circulation and promote relaxation, corticosteroid injections into the joint, jaw exercises, and analgesics, muscle relaxants, and antiinflammatory agents.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

temporomandibular joint syndrome

A disorder caused by faulty articulation of the temporomandibular joint and characterized by facial pain, headache, ringing ears, dizziness, and stiffness of the neck.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

temporomandibular joint syndrome

TMJ syndrome, see there.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

temporomandibular joint syndrome

Pain in the side of the face and ear from the effects of spasm of the chewing muscles on the articulation of the jawbone (the temporomandibular joint) which lies just in front of the ear. The condition is usually due to emotional tension reflected in muscle contraction.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Temporomandibular joint syndrome

TMJ Syndrome refers to an incorrect alignment of the lower jaw to the skull which causes the bite to be off line. It causes chronic headaches, nausea, and other symtoms.
Mentioned in: Maxillofacial Trauma
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Patient discussion about temporomandibular joint syndrome

Q. I have a pain in the side of my head how can I know if it is serious? In the last two days i have a pain in the side of my head. The pain is more severe after eating but I can feel it almost all the time. how can I know if its something severe or just a temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome ?


More discussions about temporomandibular joint syndrome
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References in periodicals archive ?
The role of the dentist and the otolaryngologist in evaluating temporomandibular joint syndromes. J.
If the client suffers from TMJ (temporomandibular joint syndrome), a professor of dentistry from a nearby dental school may prove helpful in explaining the injury.
Acute pharyngitis, peritonsillar abscess, acute sinusitis, dental abscess, temporomandibular joint syndrome, and cancer of the tongue, salivary glands, or larynx can be excluded by a combination of observation, palpation, and percussion of the structures of the mouth, face, and throat accompanied by direct or indirect laryngoscopy.

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