Fortunately, hard scientific evidence is available to aid in documenting the physiologic status of dental patients, which advances our understanding of temporomandibular disorders
and guides doctors toward better patient care.
Association between Stress and Temporomandibular Disorder
. J Jpn Prosthodont Soc 2008; 52(3):375-380.
Signs and symptoms of TMD were assessed according to RDC/TMD, which encompasses a series of diagnostic criteria, thus enabling the evaluation of the temporomandibular disorder
and the psychosocial situations related to it (13).
Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders
(DC/TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications: recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network* and Orofacial Pain Special Interest Group.
According to the study, this could be due to the fact that women seek medical help early or due to psychological and hormonal factors pertaining to females.16 A survey at Polish university gave similar results showing significant number of women presenting with temporomandibular disorders
and increased psycho-emotional activity and stress.
Clinical trials on TMD took The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders
(RDC/TMD) into account for diagnostic tool reference (31).
The different types of TMD are classified based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders
(TMDs) include a variety of pathological, single or combined, signs or symptoms of the temporomandibular joint and periarticular structures (masticatory muscles, ligaments, bone, and facial skin) .
Prevalence of diagnosed temporomandibular disorders
among Saudi Arabian children and adolescents.
Comparison of practice hours for each instrument between temporomandibular disorder
(TMD) and non-TMD groups: a) woodwind instrument with a reed mouthpiece (WW-wR), b) woodwind instrument without a reed mouthpiece (WW-woR), c) brass wind instrument with a small mouthpiece (BW-SM), d) brass wind instrument with a large mouthpiece (BW-LM)
* Advise patients who have a temporomandibular disorder
that in addition to taking their medication as prescribed, they should limit activities that require moving their jaw, modify their diet, and minimize stress; they may require physical therapy and therapeutic exercises, (c)