telocentric


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telocentric

 [tel″o-sen´trik]
having the centromere at one end of the chromosome so that the chromosome has only one arm.

telocentric

(tĕl′ə-sĕn′trĭk, tē′lə-)
adj.
Having the centromere in a terminal position. Used of a chromosome.

telocentric

[tel′əsen′trik]
Etymology: Gk, telos, end, kentron, center
pertaining to a chromosome in which the centromere is located at the end so that the chromosome appears as a straight filament. Compare acrocentric, metacentric, submetacentric.

telocentric

(tĕl″ō-sĕn′trĭk) [Gr. telos, end, + kentron, center]
Location of the centromere in the extreme end of the replicating chromosome so that there is only one arm on the chromosome.
References in periodicals archive ?
The autosomal complement comprises 15 biarmed and 8 telocentric pairs.
pythagoricus show a chromosome complement of 44 telocentric chromosomes, and 42 telocentric chromosomes in males of P.
farreri consisted of the following chromosome types: three metacentric (m), four submetacentric (sm), seven submetacentric or subtelocentric (sm-st, centromeric index [+ or -] SD overlaps two categories), four subtelocentric (st), and one subtelocentric or telocentric (st-t) (Table 1).
In both species, the largest pair is submetacentric, the next four pairs are subtelocentric, and the two smallest pairs are telocentric.
marulius has 4 metacentric, 4 submetacentric and 36 telocentric chromosomes for the Thailand stock, while the Indian stock has 40 metacentric and 4 telocentric chromosomes.
In each of these, the fundamental number (NF) is double the diploid number because no telocentric chromosomes were observed.
For example, in Acridoidea, with basic telocentric karyotypes (see below), centric fusions produce neo-XY/neo-XX systems (Fig.
The average size of the 60 pairs of telocentric (T) monoarm homologous chromosomes that comprise the karyotype of P.
The autosome complement consists in 14 pairs of telocentric chromosomes and one pair of small metacentric chromosomes.
un] is located on a telocentric chromosome that is homeologous to group 4 from Ae.
Essentially, their involvement becomes apparent when a metacentric in one complement is replaced by two acro- or telocentric chromosomes in another, though that observation does not in itself distinguish between the two processes.