Why there should be life is considered employing a tiered energy flow metric to explain the existence of increasingly complex inanimate and animate matter; a teleonomic
description where animate matter exists to enhance entropy production; or a description relying on inherent qualities of the system, i.e., the manifestation of autocatalysis, catalytic closure, systems chemistry, and autopoiesis which provide a sufficient description of why life exists.
Again, we may and should take this goal as teleonomic
, not teleological, whatever Hegel's own wider metaphysical commitments may be.
If rather than a totally contingent and random phenomenon evolution has an inherent structure then the difference between teleological and teleonomic
This result is again consistent with differences between the teleonomic
processes associated with constructivist therapy and the more teleological processes associated with rationalist therapy.
However, these approaches cannot lead to a unifying theory of information for the simple reason that they are blind to the functional (teleonomic
) basis of information in living (and human) systems, as Shannon acknowledged.
This newly conceived nature involves complex, developmentally and behaviorally related, teleonomic
programs that emerge from and within a 3.8-billion-year history.
Does the study of feeding behaviour benefit from a teleonomic
Although intake-rate maximization is argued or assumed to apply in teleonomic
models of mammalian herbivore foraging (Belovsky 1978, Owen-Smith and Novellie 1982, Ungar and Noy-Meir 1988, Thornley et al.
guidance involves internal mechanisms that respond inflexibly to proximate environmental conditions (Ch.
(16.)James Beniger describes the ways "teleonomic
explanations obviate the need to attribute consciousness, planning, purpose, or any other anthropomorphic qualities to aggregate levels, the special problem of reification.