Sexually dimorphic tegumental
gland openings in Laniatores (Arachnida, Opiliones) with new data on 23 species.
The current antischistosomal drug, praziquantel, causes alterations to the tegumental
surface of adult worms which makes the parasite vulnerable to host immune killing .
In addition, the high concentration of extract resulted in more tegumental
alterations in adult flukes.
Parasites were maintained for 48 h and monitored every 24 h using a light microscope in order to evaluate their general condition, with emphasis on changes in motor activity, mortality rate, and tegumental
sculpturing may increase in density through ontogenesis (Livingstone 1976; May 1977; Guilbert 2004a; Guidoti & Barcellos 2013).
Additionally, only TV (50,100, and 200 [micro]g/mL) caused significant tegumental
alterations in adult worms after 72 h of incubation (Table 1).
Following the move to Dijon, many of Noirot's morphological studies of the gut and tegumental
glands were in collaboration with his wife, the histologist Cecile Noirot-Timothee (e.g., Noirot-Timothee and Noirot, 1965).
A range of tegumental
and soluble proteins was identified using 2D immunoblots (known as immunome), including orthologs of the vaccine candidate Sm28GST.
glands in rostral hindgut, previously identified by To et al.
It also causes tegumental
damage of the susceptible parasite.
As well as bombarding the Korean Embassy with letters of complaint, I have also written to the Spanish Embassy to complain about tauromachy (bull fighting), as well as the Chinese Embassy to protest about their brutal treatment of dogs in the production of tegumental
products (the dog's natural covering - fur, skin, etc).
The anthelminthic effect can be due to diminished cytoplasmic tubulin network, ATP production and protein synthesis, nercrosis, tegumental
damage, altered permeability and osmoregulation.