taurine


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taurine

 [taw´rēn]
a crystallized acid from the bile; found also in small quantities in lung and muscle tissues.

tau·rine

(taw'rin, -rēn),
1. An aminosulfonic acid, synthesized from l-cysteine and used in a number of roles, including in the synthesis of certain bile salts.
2. Of or pertaining to a bull.
[L. taurinus, of bulls, fr. taurus, bull, + suffix -inus, pertaining to]

taurine

/tau·rine/ (taw´rēn) an oxidized sulfur-containing amine occurring conjugated in the bile, usually as cholyltaurine or chenodeoxycholyltaurine; it may also be a central nervous system neurotransmitter or neuromodulator.

taurine

(tôr′ēn′)
n.
A colorless crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, formed by the hydrolysis of taurocholic acid and found in the fluids of the muscles and lungs of many animals.

taurine

[tôr′in]
a derivative of the amino acid cysteine. It is present in bile in combination with cholic acid. It is used in the synthesis of bile salts.

taurine

adjective Bull-like.
 
noun An amino sulfonic acid synthesised from L-cysteine, which is involved in the synthesis of bile acid; it is present in meats and dairy products, and is believed by some to be useful for hypertension.

tau·rine

(tawr'īn)
1. An aminosulfonic acid, synthesized from L-cysteine and used in a number of roles, including in the synthesis of certain bile salts.
2. Of or pertaining to a bull.
[L. taurinus, of bulls, fr. taurus, bull, + suffix -inus, pertaining to]

taurine

an amino acid that is thought to be a neurotransmitter in some invertebrates.

taurine (tôˑ·rēn),

n an amino acid often found in nerve and muscle tissues. Has been reported as an adjuvant treatment for congestive heart failure, viral hepatitis, alcoholism, cataracts, cerebrovascular accidents, diabetes, gallbladder conditions, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, and seizure disorders. No known precautions. Also called
L-taurine.

taurine

a sulfur-containing amino acid found in mammalian tissues. Because of obligatory excretion and only limited ability to synthesize taurine, it is a dietary essential amino acid for cats. Called also 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid.

taurine nutritional deficiency
taurine is the predominant free amino acid in the retina and in cats a dietary deficiency of the acid may result from diets low in animal protein, causing generalized retinal atrophy. Dilated cardiomyopathy has also been associated with taurine deficiency in cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
28,29) Once again, a role for taurine supplementation is evident.
Taurine mitigates cognitive impairment induced by chronic co-exposure of male Wistar rats to chlorpyrifos and lead acetate.
Editor's Note: "These findings indicate that the dietary intake of taurine and magnesium may prolong lifespan by facilitating the repair of impaired endothelial functions and thereby prevent the progression of cardiovascular diseases," the authors observe.
Energy drinks containing taurine have recently been blamed for causing hypersensitivity reactions such as urticaria, in some cases anaphylaxis, and in rare cases even erythema exsudativum multiforme (8).
This increase in the motility may be due to detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by either taurine or manganese which led to reduce the oxidative stress and less cell damages (Bilodeauet al.
Dr Saeed said that Denmark and France banned energy drinks in 2008, due to some incidents and emergency cases, and because of its use of taurine.
Taurine in bile acid conjugation and cholesterol excretion -Taurine is incorporated into one of the most abundant bile acids, chenodeoxychloic acid.
Effect of taurine on sarcoplasmic reticulum function and force in skinned fast-twitch skeletal muscle fibres of the rat.
Monster noted that scientists have known for decades that taurine helps the heart function better by improving its pumping force, without increasing the heart rate or blood pressure.
Most energy drinks contain high levels of various chemicals, mainly taurine and caffeine.
Taurine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, and a conditionally essential amino acid that participates in various metabolic processes, including bile acid conjugation, xenobiotic detoxification, membrane stabilization, osmoregulation, neuromodulation, and in the modulation of cellular calcium levels.
Energizing ingredients include caffeine, vitamin B complex, Panax ginseng and taurine.