taurine


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taurine

 [taw´rēn]
a crystallized acid from the bile; found also in small quantities in lung and muscle tissues.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

tau·rine

(taw'rin, -rēn),
1. An aminosulfonic acid, synthesized from l-cysteine and used in a number of roles, including in the synthesis of certain bile salts.
2. Of or pertaining to a bull.
[L. taurinus, of bulls, fr. taurus, bull, + suffix -inus, pertaining to]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

taurine

(tôr′ēn′)
n.
A colorless crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, formed by the hydrolysis of taurocholic acid and found in the fluids of the muscles and lungs of many animals.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

taurine

adjective Bull-like.
 
noun An amino sulfonic acid synthesised from L-cysteine, which is involved in the synthesis of bile acid; it is present in meats and dairy products, and is believed by some to be useful for hypertension.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

tau·rine

(tawr'īn)
1. An aminosulfonic acid, synthesized from L-cysteine and used in a number of roles, including in the synthesis of certain bile salts.
2. Of or pertaining to a bull.
[L. taurinus, of bulls, fr. taurus, bull, + suffix -inus, pertaining to]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

taurine

an amino acid that is thought to be a neurotransmitter in some invertebrates.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Higher intake of taurine earlier in life is associated with better cognitive function in the elderly.
Nine nucleotide changes were detected in the sequences analyzed, but only changes at 5 positions were present in multiple individuals: one polymorphic site (SNP) was found in nucleotide 318 (TaC) in several breeds of indicine cattle, but not in any of the taurine cattle from GenBank (Fig.
Differential cognitive effects of energy drink ingredients: Caffeine, taurine, and glucose.
The fact that this study only compared a single-type ED (150 mg/l caffeine, 200 mg taurine, B-group vitamins, glucose, sucrose, and water) with spring water as a control provides limited information on the relative contribution of these ingredients.
In response to the problem of evolving antibiotic resistance, Marcinkiewicz reported in 2009 on the then-new therapeutic option of topical taurine bromamine for the treatment of inflammatory skin disorders such as acne.
Median grade was 3 (min 2, max 3) in the taurine group which was determined as radiological union (Figure 3 a-d).
The nutrient taurine is a unique type of amino acid, called a beta-amino sulfonic acid.
Cloning of the human taurine transporter and characterization of taurine uptake in thyroid cells.
For north Ethiopian cattle populations, 11 indicine and one taurine haplotypes were detected from five Y-chromosome microsatellites analyzed.
The fish that were exposed to both alcohol and taurine had fewer interactions with other fish in the shoal compared to those exposed to water alone or just alcohol.
Randomised clinical study: the effects of oral taurine 6 g/day vs placebo on portal hypertension.