taste cell


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taste cell

Any of the neuroepithelial cells within a taste bud that are receptors for the sense of taste. Each possesses on the free surface a short gustatory hair that projects through the inner taste pore.
Synonym: taste receptor cell
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
The findings provide the first demonstration of functional olfactory receptors in human taste cells, suggesting that olfactory receptors may play a role in the taste system by interacting with taste receptor cells on the tongue.
In the current paper, the scientists studied taste organoids at different stages of growth to identify the genes turned on at each stage of taste cell generation.
Distribution of gustatory sensitivities in rat taste cells: whole-cell responses to apical chemical stimulation.
The findings will facilitate techniques to grow and manipulate new functional taste cells for both clinical and research purposes.
The gut's taste cells appear to be built from the same machinery as the taste cells of the tongue, the structures of which scientists have only recently nailed down.
The results of the study showed that several sugar sensors from intestine and pancreas also are present in exactly those same sweet-sensing taste cells that have the T1r2+T1r3 sweet receptor.
The dilution helps neutralize the charge difference between the outside and inside of the bud, making it easier for sodium-scavenging taste cells to haul in more of the mineral, Desimone says.
Liman's lab used a molecular genetics technique called RNAseq to identify which genes were specifically expressed in sour taste cells and not other types of taste cells.
Signals sent by tongue's taste cells prevent the brain from confusing between bitter and sweet tastes, a study has showed.
The receptors for taste is taste buds or taste cells which are present in different papillae on lingual surface.
Interestingly, several scientific findings support the ayurvedic perspective: (1) there are important structural similarities between sweet (T1R2/T1R3) and umami (T1R1/T1R3) taste receptors, both heterodimers, having one subunit in common [160]; (2) mice perceive synergistic umami mixtures (glutamate and ribonucleotide) as tasting sweet [161]; (3) taste cells coexpress the sweet taste and umami taste receptor subunits (all three T1R subunits) [162].
Sense of sweetness is transferred through receptors on specialized taste cells. Sweeteners bind themselves to these receptors.