Umami, the recently established fifth primary taste modality was included as a tastant
. Kurihara and Kashiwayanagi conducted a study on umami taste, in which the canine taste system was sensitive to umami substance and showed a large synergism between monosodium glutamate and disodium guanylate or disodium inosinate.
Given that the LPV/r within the freeze-dried FDTs may still elicit a bitter taste, additional goals of this study sought to identify concentrations of the bitter tastant
quinine-HCl that match the licking behavior to the FDTs containing LPV/r and identify potential taste-masking agents to reduce any averseness associated with the drug or comparable quinine concentrations.
An interesting finding is that the gustatory neurons in the rostral nucleus of solitary tract respond not only to tastant
compounds, but also to somatosensory inputs, such as tactile and temperature stimulation, as well , explaining the integrative perception of a food item quality, which is also described in Ayurveda by several correspondent ethnopharmacological descriptors (guna, e.g., smoothness tactile sensation, virya, hot or cold sensation).
1988 "Taste-Smell Interactions are Tastant
and Odorant Dependent." Chemical Senses 13: 445-455.
Taste disorders are caused by conditions that interfere with the access of the tastant
to the receptor cells in the taste buds (transport loss), injury receptor cells (sensory loss), or damage to gustatory afferents nerves and gustatory pathways (neural cells).2 Common drugs implicated in causing taste loss include clopidogrel, interferon, doxorubicin and enalapril.
The Sensa Tastant
crystals, which are set to hit Scotland next year, boost the flavour of meals so trick dieters in to believing they have eaten more than they have.
In the present study, an effort was made to define a fat detection threshold for the free fatty acid, linoleic acid, and examine the ability of linoleic acid to modulate the intake of another tastant
In the first experiment, the target stimulus (tastant
) was vodka, and the maskers were sugar and cranberry juice.
Methods for representing taste perception of a particular tastant
in a mammal are also described, as are methods for generating a novel molecules or combinations of molecules that elicit a predetermined taste perception in a mammal, and methods for simulating one or more tastes.
Central opioids and consumption of sweet tastants
: When reward outweighs homeostasis.
Enhancing salty taste through odour--taste--taste interactions : Influence of odour intensity and salty tastants
. Nature, 28(1), 134-140.