tarsal tunnel syndrome


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tarsal

 [tahr´sal]
1. pertaining to the tarsus of an eyelid.
2. pertaining to the tarsus of the foot.
tarsal tunnel syndrome a complex of symptoms resulting from compression of the posterior tibial nerve or of the plantar nerves in the tarsal tunnel, with pain, numbness, and tingling paresthesia of the sole of the foot.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

tar·sal tun·nel syn·drome (TTS),

a syndrome resulting from entrapment of various foot nerves in the ankle region. Two distinct types are recognized: medial tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS), characterized by pain, paresthesias, or both, experienced on various portions of the sole of the foot, due to injury of the medial plantar, lateral plantar, or medial calcaneal nerves in or near the tarsal tunnel on the medial aspect of the ankle; and anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome, which involves the distal portion of the deep peroneal nerve, distal to the ankle; it is usually asymptomatic and diagnosed by peroneal motor nerve conduction studies. Unless otherwise stated, the term tarsal tunnel syndrome refers to medial tarsal tunnel syndrome.

tar·sal tun·nel syn·drome (TTS),

a syndrome resulting from entrapment of various foot nerves in the ankle region. Two distinct types are recognized: medial tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS), characterized by pain, paresthesias, or both, experienced on various portions of the sole of the foot, due to injury of the medial plantar, lateral plantar, or medial calcaneal nerves in or near the tarsal tunnel on the medial aspect of the ankle; and anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome, which involves the distal portion of the deep peroneal nerve, distal to the ankle; it is usually asymptomatic and diagnosed by peroneal motor nerve conduction studies. Unless otherwise stated, the term tarsal tunnel syndrome refers to medial tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

tarsal tunnel syndrome

A carpal tunnel syndrome-like complex caused by post-traumatic fibrosis, abductor hallucis hypertrophy, tenosynovitis or fascial band entrapment by the posterior tibial nerve Clinical Pronounced plantar surface and toe causalgia that may irradiate to the calf, resulting in paresthesias, cyanosis, sensation of coldness, numbness Treatment Massage, steroid injection, weight reduction, surgical decompression of compartment
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

tarsal tunnel syndrome

Entrapment of the nerves to the foot by pressure from the fibrous band that restrains the tendons (the flexor retinaculum) at the ankle. The effects are weakness of the muscles of the foot and numbness. Compare CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Chang, "Outcome of surgical treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome," Foot & Ankle International, vol.
Padua, "Tarsal tunnel syndrome: still more opinions than evidence.
The tarsal tunnel syndrome after a proximal lesion.
Electrophysiologic studies in tarsal tunnel syndrome. Diagnostic reliability of motor distal latency, mixed nerve and sensory nerve conduction.
Our report shows that schwannoma of the posterior tibial nerve could present as tarsal tunnel syndrome, and a positive Tinel sign may be the only positive clinical sign to guide the clinician.
Siesel, "Flexor digitorum accessorius longus muscle: an etiology of tarsal tunnel syndrome?" Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol.
TABLE 1 Differential diagnosis for runners' foot paint (2-5) Symptom Differential diagnosis Foot pain ** Compartment syndrome ** Metatarsalgia * ** Nerve entrapment ** Neuroma (Morton's neuroma) ** Plantar fasciitis ** Stress fracture of the foot * ** Tarsal tunnel syndrome Heel pain ** Achilles rupture ** Achilles tendinopathy * ** Calcaneal stress fracture ** Fat pad atrophy ** Haglund deformity ** Plantar fasciitis * ** Retrocalcaneal bursitis ** Tarsal tunnel syndrome * Represents a more common diagnosis.
The cause of tarsal tunnel syndrome can be identified in 60-80% of cases, the most common causes being trauma (17%), varicosities (13%), heel varus (11%), fibrosis (9%), and heel valgus (8%).
Heelpain triad: the combination of plantar fascutis, posterior tibial tendon dysfunction and tarsal tunnel syndrome. Foot Ankle 2002;23:212-20.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is the most common compression neuropathy of the lower extremity.
The differential diagnosis of RS3PE syndrome includes rheumatoid arthritis (RA), complex regional pain syndrome, gout arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis, overlap syndrome, mixed connective tissue disease, polyarteritis nodosa, amyloidosis, pseudogout disease, and carpal and tarsal tunnel syndromes. (1), (2) In addition, it may present as paraneoplastic syndrome, a musculoskeletal manifestation of malignancies.