tarsal tunnel syndrome


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tarsal

 [tahr´sal]
1. pertaining to the tarsus of an eyelid.
2. pertaining to the tarsus of the foot.
tarsal tunnel syndrome a complex of symptoms resulting from compression of the posterior tibial nerve or of the plantar nerves in the tarsal tunnel, with pain, numbness, and tingling paresthesia of the sole of the foot.

tar·sal tun·nel syn·drome (TTS),

a syndrome resulting from entrapment of various foot nerves in the ankle region. Two distinct types are recognized: medial tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS), characterized by pain, paresthesias, or both, experienced on various portions of the sole of the foot, due to injury of the medial plantar, lateral plantar, or medial calcaneal nerves in or near the tarsal tunnel on the medial aspect of the ankle; and anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome, which involves the distal portion of the deep peroneal nerve, distal to the ankle; it is usually asymptomatic and diagnosed by peroneal motor nerve conduction studies. Unless otherwise stated, the term tarsal tunnel syndrome refers to medial tarsal tunnel syndrome.

tar·sal tun·nel syn·drome (TTS),

a syndrome resulting from entrapment of various foot nerves in the ankle region. Two distinct types are recognized: medial tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS), characterized by pain, paresthesias, or both, experienced on various portions of the sole of the foot, due to injury of the medial plantar, lateral plantar, or medial calcaneal nerves in or near the tarsal tunnel on the medial aspect of the ankle; and anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome, which involves the distal portion of the deep peroneal nerve, distal to the ankle; it is usually asymptomatic and diagnosed by peroneal motor nerve conduction studies. Unless otherwise stated, the term tarsal tunnel syndrome refers to medial tarsal tunnel syndrome.

tarsal tunnel syndrome

an abnormal condition and a kind of mononeuropathy characterized by pain and numbness in the sole of the foot. This disorder may be caused by fractures of the ankle that compress the posterior tibial nerve. It may be corrected by appropriate orthopedic therapy or surgery.
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Tarsal tunnel

tarsal tunnel syndrome

A carpal tunnel syndrome-like complex caused by post-traumatic fibrosis, abductor hallucis hypertrophy, tenosynovitis or fascial band entrapment by the posterior tibial nerve Clinical Pronounced plantar surface and toe causalgia that may irradiate to the calf, resulting in paresthesias, cyanosis, sensation of coldness, numbness Treatment Massage, steroid injection, weight reduction, surgical decompression of compartment

tarsal tunnel syndrome

Entrapment of the nerves to the foot by pressure from the fibrous band that restrains the tendons (the flexor retinaculum) at the ankle. The effects are weakness of the muscles of the foot and numbness. Compare CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical and electrophysiological findings and follow-up in tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome and additional nerve lesions in the same limb.
4) It was reported on a scale of 0 to 4, where 0 meant the practitioners never treated the condition and 4 meant that the practitioners routinely treated the condition, that carpal and tarsal tunnel syndrome earned a rating of 2.
A diagnosis of tarsal tunnel syndrome was made based on physical findings including over pronation of the rear foot, loss of transverse arch height with standing as well as reported symptoms and location of pain.
Common causes of foot pain include arthritic changes, plantar fasciitis, stress fractures, and Morton's neuroma, while less common causes may include painful accessory bones, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), Baxter's nerve entrapment, and tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is associated with complaints of tingling and/or numbness around the medial ankle and on the plantar surface of the foot extending towards the toes, (7,8,9) caused by stretching or compression of the posterior tibial nerve in the tarsal tunnel.
9) Plain film radiography, bone scan or CT is useful for identifying causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome such as fractures or osteophytes, whereas MRI is more appropriate for other causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome including: varicosities, trauma, fibrosis, accessory muscles, ganglion cysts, lipoma, and nerve sheath tumours.
Severe presentations of tarsal tunnel syndrome may exhibit weakness of intrinsic foot muscles.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is the most common compression neuropathy of the lower extremity.
In tarsal tunnel syndrome, tapping over the posterior tibial nerve usually causes pain (positive Tiners sign)
Heel pain, plantar fasciitis, and tarsal tunnel syndrome.
An outcomes analysis of surgical treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome.