tarsal glands


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tar·sal glands

[TA]
sebaceous glands embedded in the tarsal plate of each eyelid, discharging at the edge of the lid near the posterior border. Their secretions create a lipid barrier along the margin of the eyelids that contains the normal secretions in the conjunctival sac by preventing the watery fluid from spilling over the barrier when the eye is open.

tar·sal glands

(tahr'săl glandz) [TA]
Sebaceous glands embedded in the tarsal plate of each eyelid, discharging at the edge of the lid near the posterior border. Their secretions create a lipid barrier along the margin of the eyelids that holds back normal secretions in the conjunctival sac by preventing the watery fluid from spilling over the barrier when the eye is open.
Synonym(s): meibomian glands.

Meibom,

Hendrik (Heinrich), Dutch anatomist and physician ,1638-1700.
meibomian conjunctivitis - obsolete term for a conjunctivitis associated with chronic inflammation of the meibomian glands, with swollen tarsal plates and frothy seborrheic secretion. Synonym(s): seborrheic blepharoconjunctivitis
meibomian cyst - a chronic inflammatory granuloma of a meibomian gland. Synonym(s): chalazion
meibomian glands - sebaceous glands embedded in the tarsal plate of each eyelid, discharging at the edge of the lid near the posterior border. Synonym(s): tarsal glands
meibomian sty - an acute purulent infection of a meibomian (tarsal) gland. Synonym(s): hordeolum internum
References in periodicals archive ?
His level of agitation remained and about 2 minutes after assuming the posture the first time, he repeated the behaviour again, with some urination on the tarsal gland, before running off into the adjacent bush.
Earlier published works based on penned deer have suggested that only older, dominant bucks rub-urinated in scrapes (rub-urination is a behavior in which bucks squat and urinate over the tarsal glands at the knee joint of the hind legs).
Three are located on the extremities: tarsal glands on the inner surface of the hind legs (hocks); smaller, metatarsal glands on the outer surface; and interdigital glands between the hooves.
All deer, but especially bucks, will rub-urinate-rubbing their tarsal glands together while at the same time urinating on them.
Typically, males urinate directly into scrapes or direct urine over their tarsal glands into the scrape.
They scrape the ground with their front hooves, and before leaving they urinate across their tarsal glands into the scrape.