tree seed passage through the gut of a bird increases germination rate, and seedling emergence and survival rate are very high in mixed pine-hardwood forests (45 and 77%, respectively; Renne, 1996).
As a general rule, the more beeswax, the better, up to 50%; some tallow
is needed because of the stearic acid in it.
Such candles were harder than tallow
candles, gave a brighter light, looked better, needed less care while burning, and didn't smell as bad.
Render the scraps into tallow
by cutting them into small pieces and melting them in a large, heavy pan on the kitchen stove or outdoors over an open fire.
Introduced to the American colonies by Benjamin Franklin, Chinese tallow
has flourished in the wild along the Gulf Coast.
And if you've ever wondered what happens to the surplus beef tallow
and lard produced by America's giant meat industry, check out the labels on Hostess snacks.
Do you know that beef tallow
combined with vegetable oil was the oil in which, initially, McDonald's fried its famous, great-tasting french fries?
One significant factor in the success of tallow
in its invaded range is the historical lack of specialized herbivores that exert population-level regulation (Harcombe et al.
Three pens were assigned to each of the four treatments: TA; tallow
diet, TASO-80; switched from tallow
to soybean oil diet at 80 kg of average body weight, TA-SO-45; switched from tallow
to soybean oil diet at 45 kg of average body weight, and SO; soybean oil diet.
EUROPEAN Commission proposals to recognise tallow
as a fuel and remove it from complex waste controls have been welcomed by NFU Cymru.
Griesing said that the unintended consequences of the biofuel subsidies for "coproduction" renewable diesel, direct burning and ethanol production have driven up the cost of tallow
over 80% since the last quarter of 2006.