Furthermore, there is evidence that there is a heritable aspect to sensory processing abnormalities, and tactile defensiveness
is associated with fearful temperament and anxiety (J Abnorm Child Psychol.
In extreme conditions such as Tactile Defensiveness
(TD), children can have painful reactions to the everyday textures that most of us disregard.
Tactile defensiveness is a sensory modulation difficulty that results in an inability to tolerate touch stimulation.
Tactile defensiveness is a type of sensory defensiveness, one aspect of sensory integration dysfunction.
Although there are five "external" senses (sight, sound, taste, smell and touch) and two "internal" senses (vestibular--the movement sense; and proprioceptive--the sense of own body in space), for now, we'd like to focus on the tactile (touch) system, and how tactile defensiveness manifests itself.
The protective response is the default in children with tactile defensiveness (Watson-Genna, 2001).
An occupational therapist trained in sensory integration disorders has the ability to identify and treat tactile defensiveness.
Grandin found touch to be helpful in establishing her sense of physical location, but noted that touch could also be troublesome due to her tactile defensiveness
Have you ever witnessed the anxiety of a person with autism and tactile defensiveness
during a doctor's exam or a medical procedure?
He is non-communicative, and his gaze aversion and tactile defensiveness
are suggestive of autism.
He demonstrates a clear hypersensitivity to touch, generally called tactile defensiveness.
After all the observations, interviews and evaluations are complete, the OT may conclude that Jamie exhibits a definite pattern of tactile defensiveness.