table salt

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1. A compound formed by the interaction of an acid and a base, the ionizable hydrogen atoms of the acid are replaced by the positive ion of the base.
2. Sodium chloride, the prototypical salt. Synonym(s): table salt
3. A saline cathartic, especially magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, or Rochelle salt; often denoted by the plural, salts.
Synonym(s): sal
[L. sal]

table salt

Natrum muriaticum, see there.

Sodium chloride, see there.


1. Sodium chloride.
2. Pert. to, containing or treated with salt.
3. To treat with salt or make salty.
4. Any mineral salt or saline mixture used as an aperient or cathartic, e.g., epsom salts or Glauber salt.
5. In chemistry, a compound consisting of a positive ion other than hydrogen and a negative ion other than hydroxyl.
6. A chemical compound resulting from the interaction of an acid and a base.

Salts and water are the inorganic (mineral) constituents of the body. They play specific roles in the functions of cells and are indispensable for life. The principal salts are chlorides, carbonates, bicarbonates, sulfates, and phosphates, combined with sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium.

Salts serve the following roles in the body: maintenance of proper osmotic conditions; maintenance of water balance; regulation of blood volume; maintenance of proper acid-base balance; provision for essential constituents of tissue, esp. of bones and teeth; maintenance of normal irritability of muscle and nerve cells; maintenance of conditions for coagulation of the blood; provision for essential components of certain enzyme systems, respiratory pigments and hormones; and regulation of cell membrane and capillary permeability. See: sodium chloride

acid salt

A salt in which one or more hydrogen atoms is replaceable.

alkaline salts

aminohippuric acid sodium salt

The sodium salt of aminohippuric acid. It is given intravenously to test renal blood flow and the excretory capacity of the renal tubules.

basic salt

1. A salt retaining the ability to react with an acid radical.
2. A salt of a strong base and a weak acid, which has a pH > 7.0, e.g., sodium acetate.

bath salts

1. Any of several water-soluble inorganic crystalline compounds, such as Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate), baking soda (sodium bicarbonate), or table salt (sodium chloride), usually colored and scented, and designed to be added to a bath. The salts soften the bathwater and purportedly improve cleaning and enhance the bathing experience.
2. Methylenedioxypyrovalerone.

bile salt

Any of the alkali salts of bile sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate.

buffer salt

A salt that fixes excess amounts of acid or alkali without a change in hydrogen ion concentration.

double salt

Any salt formed from two other salts.

epsom salt

Magnesium sulfate.

glow salt

Rubbing of the entire body with moist salt for stimulation.

hypochlorite salt

A salt of hypochlorous acid used in household bleach and as an oxidizer, deodorant, and disinfectant.

iodized salt

A salt containing a trace amount of sodium or potassium iodide in sodium chloride. It is an important source of iodine in the diet. Its use prevents goiter due to iodine deficiency.

neutral salt

An ionic compound containing no replaceable hydrogen or hydroxyl ions.

Rochelle salt

Potassium sodium tartrate, a colorless, transparent powder having a cooling and saline taste and formerly used as a saline cathartic.

rock salt

Sodium chloride in its natural state of rocklike masses in beds or flats.

sea salt

A mixture of salts, mainly sodium chloride, obtained by evaporation from sea water.

smelling salt

A colloquial term for aromatic spirits of ammonia. When the sealed capsule is opened, pungent ammonia gas is released.
CAS # 506-87-6

substitute salt

A chemical, e.g., potassium chloride, with a flavor like that of table salt but with a negligible sodium content. It is used by those whose medical condition requires limited sodium intake.

table salt

Sodium chloride.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zhang and the team suggest that people use chlorinated rather than chloraminated tap water, and use table salt fortified with potassium iodate instead of potassium iodide.
When the scientists put table salt under high pressure of 200,000 atmospheres and more at PETRA III and added an extra dash of either sodium or chlorine, "forbidden" compounds like Na3Cl and NaCl3 turned up.
Table salt is not as effective as rock salt, which can have an impact at much lower temperatures.
Gritters were sent out with table salt to treat roads in Gloucestershire late yesterday afternoon.
One thing we all agree on - the intake of toxic table salt should be considerably reduced for the health of the nation, but not at the expense of one of the true life giving wonders of the World.
The antimicrobial compound is completely inorganic, less toxic than ordinary table salt, less irritating than talcum powder, and has been approved for medical devices and food contact applications.
Having started his business career in 1975 and made a fortune in Nigeria's cement market, Dangote has since built a business empire that straddles every strategic economic sector, from oil refineries to table salt.
Don't use regular table salt: the small crystals of table salt dissolve faster than the larger Pock salt crystals, and the cream mixture won't freeze.
He argued that it did represent a healthier alternative to ordinary table salt.
Frequent meals of salted fish or meat as well as extra use of table salt was associated with an increased risk of reflux in a dose-dependent manner.
The maritime and fisheries ministry has not recommended import of table salt.
Frequent meals of salted fish or meat, and extra use of table salt, were linked to increased risk of reflux in a dose-dependent manner.