general system theory

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Related to Systems theory: Family systems theory, Systems thinking

general system theory

The theory that all living systems are open systems constantly exchanging information, matter, and energy with the environment. There are three levels of reference for systems: the system level on which one is focusing, (such as a person); the suprasystems level above the focal system, (such as a person's family, community, and culture); and the subsystem, which is below the focal system, (such as the bodily systems and the cell). The theory suggests that the treatment of people is more important than the treatment of illnesses.
See: holistic medicine
See also: theory
References in periodicals archive ?
Although Baghai provides a thorough and adequate reading of Luhmann's social systems theory as it relates to judicial review, in the end I was left wondering whether this text is really meant to bridge the present disjuncture between jurists and the social sciences, or whether it is yet another attempt at the operational closure of the social systems framework itself.
All in all, I think this book can be an interesting read, not only to those interested in the dynamic systems theory of language development, but to everyone who has an interest in language arts and linguistics.
This shift to a focus on systems entails using the ideas from systems theory of feedback, structure, hierarchy and homeostasis as we examine how family patterns create pathologies or problems.
Despite the many similarities between the Hegelian view and that of systems theorists of various traditions, Hegel's influence on these thinkers appears to have been indirect, through the influence on Marx's views of systems, for example, which were ubiquitous as systems theory was developing, and through the work of Spengler, who under Hegel's influence came to view societies as organistic, and who influenced Bertalannfy.
Systems theory continued to be of large influence in management sciences and research over the last half of the twentieth century, and underwent significant change, including the development of traditional "hard" (positivistic) and "soft" (interpretive) approaches to systems thinking.
"Family Systems Theory as Literary Analysis: The Case of Philip Roth." Master's Thesis.
Further related approaches, as mentioned by Takahara (2005), are based on the thread of mathematical general systems theory (MGST), as introduced by Mesarovid and Takahara: Forrester's system dynamics and Checkland's soft system methodology are examples of the GST methodology.
The fifth chapter, which involves some minor modifications and revisions of the author's earlier positions in the sociology of translation (for details see Tyulenev, 2009), engages in a debate with approaches influenced by Luhmannian systems theory from the vantage point of translation studies, and addresses both the training of translators and the history of translation also from the perspective of systems theory.
This work brings together international contributors to examine new models and practices in management which intersect with the fields of cybernetics, systems theory, computer modeling, and metatheory.
1) and of the conjoint development of general systems theory, cybernetics, information theory, and game-theory, all emerging in the 1940s (chap.
Following an overview of the principal frameworks for clinical practice--including systems theory, behavioral and cognitive theories, psychoanalytic theory, and neurobiological theory--the book presents the major social crises, problems, and new populations the social work clinician encounters each day.
To the editor--I have studied and applied systems theory for the last 40 years, encompassing three careers including that of a military officer.

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