systematic reviews

systematic reviews

a scientific investigation that asks a specific question and uses explicit, rigorous, prespecified methods to identify, critically appraise, select, and summarize findings of similar but separate studies. Systematic reviews are the cornerstone of evidence-based health-care decision making.
References in periodicals archive ?
11,12) There are few systematic reviews on alternative products.
It operates under a multi-year contract to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to produce evidence syntheses based on systematic reviews, lead methodological development for systematic reviews, and support the increased application of systematic reviews and other evidence-based products into policy and practice.
By collating all available evidence and assessing its quality and relevance, systematic reviews offer a more efficient way to inform DFID and government programme decision-makers.
To update its 2008 recommendations on diabetes screening, the USPSTF reviewed the literature for relevant randomized, controlled trials; controlled observational studies; and systematic reviews published since then.
Instead of cataloging individually scanned review documents, which presented a data management nightmare for the program coordinator, the on-line system served as a real-time repository to input the systematic reviews.
Four articles in this issue demonstrate effective adaptation of the methodology of systematic reviews to environmental health science (Johnson et al.
Indico balances the narrative thought process with the increased process rigor demanded by recent Institute of Medicine Reports on systematic reviews and trustworthy guideline development.
2) Evidence-based health care integrates individual healthcare expertise, patient values and preferences, and the best available research evidence from systematic reviews.
While there are no systematic reviews published thereafter evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic ultrasound in neck pain, recent randomized controlled trials provided some evidence for the efficacy ultrasound in patients with neck disorders.
Of course, if some research is left unpublished for their negative or non-significant results, there is less information available for systematic reviews and guidelines.
A key component of the Cochrane Library is the collection of protocols and systematic reviews addressing a variety of interventions in healthcare.
Researchers at the Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and co-ordinating Centre (the EPPI-Centre) at the Institute of Education in London share what they learned between 1993 and 2011 about conducting systematic reviews of the literature in the social and human sciences.

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