systematic reviews

systematic reviews

a scientific investigation that asks a specific question and uses explicit, rigorous, prespecified methods to identify, critically appraise, select, and summarize findings of similar but separate studies. Systematic reviews are the cornerstone of evidence-based health-care decision making.
References in periodicals archive ?
Systematic reviews are rigorous, logical, methodical, and transparent in the methods used to identify the research included.
3] analogues, for treating scalp psoriasis (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials [RCTs]).
At present, systematic reviews tend to be the leading form of research publication in the health sciences.
Despite the mixed results of these published RCTs, as well as differing conclusions drawn on the basis of the systematic reviews and meta-analyses discussed by these authors, they concluded that the evidence indicates PDT in conjunction with NSPT may improve periodontal outcomes for healthy patients with chronic periodontitis.
The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses (PRISMA) guideline is the most widely used.
Unlike single studies, systematic reviews attempt to answer important healthcare questions by identifying and evaluating all relevant research studies and synthesising their results.
To update its 2008 recommendations on diabetes screening, the USPSTF reviewed the literature for relevant randomized, controlled trials; controlled observational studies; and systematic reviews published since then.
Instead of cataloging individually scanned review documents, which presented a data management nightmare for the program coordinator, the on-line system served as a real-time repository to input the systematic reviews.
A second strategy typically employed if an answer to the PICO(S) question is not identified through searching for pre-appraised evidence is to search databases for systematic reviews (Figure 3) and clinical studies.
Inclusion criteria consisted of systematic reviews containing current information on the accuracy of clinical diagnostic tests for LSS.
Systematic reviews are accepted in most of the medical journals.

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