systematic desensitization


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Related to systematic desensitization: aversion therapy

sys·te·mat·ic de·sen·si·tiz·a·tion

a type of behavior therapy for eliminating phobias or anxieties: the patient and therapist construct a list of imagined scenes eliciting the phobia, ranked from least to most anxiety producing; the patient is then trained in deep muscle relaxation and repeatedly asked to imagine himself or herself in the presence of the least anxiety-producing scene on the list until the patient feels fully relaxed while doing so; the procedure is repeated for each scene on the list until the patient develops the capacity to feel relaxed with any of the anxiety-producing scenes; real life scenes are then substituted for the imagined scenes.
Synonym(s): reciprocal inhibition (2)
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

systematic desensitization

Desensitization, exposure therapy Psychology A type of behavioral intervention for managing anxiety, phobic disorders and anticipatory side effects–eg, nausea associated with chemotherapy. See Anticipatory side effects, Aversion therapy, Behavioral therapy, Encounter group therapy, Flooding, Imaging aversion therapy, Relaxing imagery. Cf Attentional distraction, Reciprocal inhibition, Relaxation training.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sys·te·mat·ic de·sen·si·ti·za·tion

(sistĕ-matik dē-sensi-tī-zāshŭn)
Behavior therapy for eliminating phobias or anxieties.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The effectiveness of psychoeducation and systematic desensitization to reduce test anxiety among first-year pharmacy students.
In addition to the systematic desensitization, family counseling was also provided to the family members, teachers and friends.
By translating systematic desensitization into a practical pedagogic intervention for the voice teacher to utilize, we offer Suzie and her teacher tools to overcome her fear of singing.
These included war crimes routinely committed; violations of the "rules of engagement" to protect noncombatants; use of prohibited weapons such as depleted uranium; wanton and needless property destruction; racist dehumanization of Arabs; systematic desensitization of troops to the horror of killing; flagrant waste and war profiteering; sexual assault and harassment within the military; impacts upon the victim societies; costs to our society; inadequate veterans' benefits, and growing war resistance within the active duty military.
Systematic desensitization is a process designed to gradually enable phobic individuals, through the use of photographs, videos, and their imaginations, to experience less intense emotional and physical anxiety symptoms when exposed to a feared object or situation.
In addition, the therapist will have the child practice audible words in progressively more difficult settings via systematic desensitization. These settings often include the following, in order: the child's home (with the therapist), the therapist's office, community settings such as a mall or a restaurant, and finally, school.
For example, Hudesman, Loveday and Woods (1984) reported that systematic desensitization decreased anxiety and improved grade point average.
Treatment of anxiety through systematic desensitization in therapy groups.
Regarding anxiety, tear, and phobias, they found sufficient evidence to support systematic desensitization, modeling, reinforced practice, and cognitive-behavior therapy.
Systematic desensitization uses the imagination to recall an anxiety-producing situation, and is a relaxation technique to lessen the anxiety.

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